Crop Biotech Update

Wheat Genome Dataset to Help Researchers Improve the Grain

January 15, 2014

An improved genome sequence for bread wheat including more than 100,000 genes has been released in Ensembl Plants. The data will provide wheat researchers and plant breeders with valuable tools to improve this vital crop's yield in different environments.

Generated under the auspices of the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC), the Chromosome Survey Sequence represents the most complete version of the wheat genome to date. A major part of the sequencing and assembly work was performed in the United Kingdom by The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC), while the gene models were predicted by the Helmholtz Centre Munich (MIPS/HMGU) in Germany using a new gene data set produced by the INRA Centre for Génétique, Diversité et Ecophysiologie des Céréales (INRA GDEC) in Clermont Ferrand, France and other publicly available data sets.

The improved bread wheat genome data will be a vital resource for improving crops. By studying its internal structure, scientists can also gain insights into how wheat was domesticated and how traits important for pest resistance, drought tolerance, and other environmental stresses have developed.

See TGAC's news release at http://www.tgac.ac.uk/news/86/68/Bread-wheat-genome-dataset-will-help-to-improve-crop/.