Crop Biotech Update weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 12 Jan 2022 17:00:00 +0800International Team of Researchers Discover Plant Gene Crucial to Production of Clonal Seeds from KeyGene and Wageningen University and Research (WUR), together with colleagues from Japanese breeding company Takii and New Zealand's Plant and Food Research and Lincoln University have discovered a gene that makes it possible to produce seeds from crops that are genetically identical to the mother plant and that do not need pollin...Wed, 12 Jan 2022 17:00:00 +0800GlobalARS Scientists Readying Wheat with Climate Resiliency from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) are preparing wheat for climate challenges ahead.The scientists are subjecting more than a dozen wheat varieties to two major stressors. The first comes from exposure to carbon dioxide (CO2) levels of up to 1,000 parts per million—an atmospheric concentration o...Wed, 12 Jan 2022 17:00:00 +0800AmericasCoexistence of GM Seed Production and Organic Farming A Success in Chile paper published in GM Crops and Food assessed how GM seed production and organic farming have coexisted in Chile in the current unregulated climate. The paper also provides insights into the development of future evidence-based policies.In Chile, several requirements need to be met regarding Law 20.089 in order to be certified as an organic produ...Wed, 12 Jan 2022 17:00:00 +0800AmericasSmart Packaging from Corn Extends Food Shelf Life from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, US, successfully designed a new packaging material that is biodegradable, sustainable, and kills harmful microbes. Their study is published in ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces journal.The packaging material was developed through electros...Wed, 12 Jan 2022 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificBiotech Crops Get Safety Approval After Pilot Testing in China certificates for production and application were granted to four genetically modified (GM) corn and three GM soybean varieties that were pilot tested in China last year."The application of traits that resist pests and tolerate herbicides and drought has improved the competitiveness of genetically modified crops, such as corn and soybean, in ...Wed, 12 Jan 2022 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificAustralian OGTR Receives Application for Field Trial of GM Sorghum Australian Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (OGTR) has received a license application (DIR 189) from The University of Queensland to conduct a field trial of genetically modified (GM) sorghum with an asexual seed formation trait.The trial is proposed to take place between September 2022 and June 2025, on one site with a maximum area of o...Wed, 12 Jan 2022 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificAnti-stress Function of AtPDI1 Linked to Disulfide Isomerase Activity Agricultural University scientists reported that the thiol-disulfide exchange activity of Arabidopsis protein disulfide isomerase 1 (AtPDI1) is involved in the response to abiotic stresses. Their findings are reported in BMC Plant Biology.Previous studies have shown that AtPDI has disulfide isomerase activity and to be involved in the stre...Wed, 12 Jan 2022 17:00:00 +0800ResearchTransgene Inheritance Found to be Stable in Field Grown Pears study by Russian scientists documents the transgene inheritance in progeny of pear trees over a seven-year period. The findings are significant as there is virtually no information on transgene inheritance in progeny of woody plants despite several breeding programs being conducted for transgenic trees.Genetic engineering tools have been known to...Wed, 12 Jan 2022 17:00:00 +0800ResearchEgyptian Scientists Develop Drought-Tolerant Tomatoes tomatoes developed by researchers in Egypt were found to combat drought thanks to a transcription factor involved in the expression of drought responsive genes. The findings can help improve tomato production in the future, as the crop's productivity is highly restricted by drought stress.The OsDREB2A gene was introduced to two tomato ge...Wed, 12 Jan 2022 17:00:00 +0800ResearchCRISPR to Supercharge Lettuce with Nutrients Livneh, a PhD student at the Hebrew University in Israel, aims to use the gene editing tool CRISPR to supercharge lettuce with nutrients.Lettuce is a famous vegetable worldwide, usually used in vegetable salads and burgers. It naturally contains vitamin C, beta-carotene (vitamin A precursor), and vitamin B, but only in limited amounts. Thus, ...Wed, 12 Jan 2022 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesJapan's CRISPR Fish Enters Market CRISPR-edited fishes were approved for sale in Japan. The country now has three approved CRISPR-edited foods to date.The two fishes were developed by the Regional Fish Institute in collaboration with Kyoto University and Kindai University. The CRISPR-edited tiger puffer had its leptin receptor gene disrupted, resulting in the fish's increased a...Wed, 12 Jan 2022 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesVIB Conducts Three Field Trials of Genome-Edited Maize, in collaboration with the Flanders Research Institute for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (ILVO) has submitted applications for the conduct of three field trials of genome-edited maize after greenhouse observations showed that the modified plants are more resistant to climate stress or easier to digest.Using CRISPR-Cas9 technology, the scienti...Wed, 12 Jan 2022 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding Technologies