How about CRISPR-edited Crops in Organic Agriculture?July 24, 2019
Amidst the debate whether genetically engineered crops are harmful or beneficial especially to farmers in developing countries, some people are joining in to decide if the new gene editing technology, CRISPR, is really just "GMO 2.0", or an advanced and helpful tool in speeding up the plant breeding process. In July, the European Union's Court of Justice decided that crops made with CRISPR are to be classified as genetically engineered, but in the US, the regulatory systems are considering distinctions between genetic engineering and specific uses of genome editing.
Rebecca Mackelprang, a plant molecular biologist, argues that the application of biotechnology in organic agriculture could be very beneficial. Mackelprang demonstrated the difference between genetic engineering, CRISPR, and mutation breeding, and posited that by taking advantage of these, we can move beyond the already commercialized genetically engineered traits that tackles herbicide tolerance or insect resistance in corn, soybean or cotton, and accept the other engineered crops with high potentials that exist but are less acknowledged because of the "prohibitive expense of passing regulatory hurdles".
In the six years that the abilities of CRISPR were demonstrated on a variety of agricultural crops, many academics and established corporations proceeded to adopt the technology for their agricultural products. This led to the advancement of genetic traits such as in addressing possible problems in consumer health, decreasing food waste, and efficiency. However, the U.S. National Organic Standards Board decided to exclude all genome-edited crops from organic certification, yet some organic farmers who acknowledge the opportunities gene editing can bring argue to have this decision reconsidered.
Read The Conversation to know more.
You might also like:
- Biotech and Organic Agriculture Proponents Have to Work Together to Boost Africa's Food Security
- EU Court of Justice Advocate General Says Gene Edited Crops Should be Exempted from GM Food Laws
- Plant Breeding Innovation: CRISPR-Cas9
The Crop Biotech Update is a weekly newsletter of ISAAA, a non-for-profit organization. The CBU is distributed for free to over 23,000 subscribers worldwide to inform them about the key developments in biosciences, especially in agricultural biotechnology. Your support will help us in our mission to feed the world with knowledge. You can help by donating as little as $10.
See more articles:
News from Around the World
- New Software Allows Plant Breeders to Select Best Traits
- Research Presents 5-Course 'Menu of Solutions' to Feed the World's 10 Billion by 2050
- Farmers in Uganda Eager for the Commercialization of Ag-biotech Products
- Kenyan Clergy Supports Bt Cotton Cultivation
- Improved Cacao Reference Genome Secures the Future of Chocolate
- Agricultural Progress Anchored on the Newly-signed Executive Order
- SABC Seeks Tax Exemption on Essential Farm Inputs to Fight Fall Armyworm
- Two-year Field Trial Shows Cry1Ie Maize Has No Effect on Soil Animals
- Argentina Successfully Develops Boll Weevil-Resistant Cotton
- Fundamental Discovery Key to Creating Better Crops
Plant Breeding Innovations
- New Regulatory Mechanism of Self-Incompatibility in Rapeseed Reported
- How about CRISPR-edited Crops in Organic Agriculture?
Subscribe to CBU: