Gene Network Controls Number of Flowers and Fruits During Critical Growth Window in PlantsNovember 9, 2016
A team of researchers led by Prof. Zachary Lippman at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) has identified a network of hundreds of genes that determine the duration of a critical window for stem cell growth in plants that give rise to flowers. According to the researchers, if this window is open longer, more stem cells develop, paving way for more flowers and branches to grow. The team also found that eliminating three specific genes in this network taken from tomato plants, resulted in plants producing just one or two flowers.
The researchers screened over 20,000 genes from five nightshade species. They found a network of around 300 genes that turn on and off during maturation process, and they tracked the activity of those genes during different time periods within the critical window.
Their report in Genome Research states that in plants with simple inflorescences that produce a solitary flower on each inflorescence, a subset of the 300 genes turns on during early stages in the critical window. In plants with more complex inflorescences, the same set of genes turns on a little bit later, extending the window and allowing more time for additional stem cell populations to form. These populations in turn give rise to more branches and more flowers. In food crops such as tomato, this results in higher yields.
For more details, read the news release at the CSHL website.
Biotech Updates is a weekly newsletter of ISAAA, a not-for-profit organization. It is distributed for free to over 22,000 subscribers worldwide to inform them about the key developments in biosciences, especially in biotechnology. Your support will help us in our mission to feed the world with knowledge. You can help by donating as little as $10.
See more articles:
News from Around the World
- Gene Network Controls Number of Flowers and Fruits During Critical Growth Window in Plants
- Study Reveals Public Perceptions of Genetically Engineered Nutraceuticals
- Scientists Identify Molecular Conductors that Help Plants Respond to Drought
- Science Education Highlighted in World Life Science Conference
- Japanese Researchers Decode Japanese Morning Glory Genome
- USDA Releases Updates on Agri-biotech in Italy and France
- Plant Roots See Light in the Dark
- Rothamsted Research Submits Application to Conduct GM Wheat Field Trial
- Survey Shows Two Thirds of Public Supports GM Crops
- ZmCCT-associated QTL Regulates Flowering and Stress Responses under Long-Day Conditions
- Overexpression of Tomato Gene Impacts Agronomic Traits via Regulation of Gibberellin and Auxin Homeostasis
Beyond Crop Biotech
- Fungus Genome Assembled Using Nanopore-Generated Reads
- CRISPR-Cas9-mediated Mutagenesis in Physcomitrella patens
- BIO Asia International Conference
- TALEN-mediated Mutagenesis of COMT in Sugarcane Improves Cell Wall Decomposition for Ethanol Production
Read the latest:
- Biotech Updates (November 29, 2023)
- Gene Editing Supplement (November 29, 2023)
- Gene Drive Supplement (February 22, 2023)
Subscribe to BU: