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Crop Biotech Update

Agronomic Evaluation of Camelina Cultivars for Biodiesel Production

August 2, 2017

Growing interest in renewable energy sources have triggered interest in camelina (Camelina sativa L.). Camelina is adapted to temperate climates and can also be used as an energy crop. However, information on agronomic characteristics of camelina cultivars for biodiesel feedstock are limited. Yesuf Assen Mohammed together with colleagues from Montana State University evaluated six spring camelina cultivars (cv. Blaine Creek, Calena, Ligena, Pronghorn, Shoshone, and Suneson) on seed yield, oil concentration, and oil yield.

The study was performed from 2013 to 2015 at three locations in Montana. The Ligena and Calena cultivars showed a combination of good seed yield performance and stability across environments. The environment was also found to have a significant effect on seed yield. There was no significant difference in oil concentration and oil yield among cultivars.

The absence of variation in oil concentration and oil yield differences among camelina cultivars indicate the need for further research to improve these seed qualities for biodiesel production.