Biotech Updates

Globe Artichoke Genome Sequenced

January 27, 2016

An international team of researchers from the University of Turin (Italy), and the University of California Davis (USA) has sequenced the genome of globe artichoke. The globe artichoke was domesticated in the Mediterranean region, with Italy as the top producing country and has the richest primary gene pool. The globe artichoke genome assembly covers 725 of the 1,084 Mb genome. The sequence codes for about 27,000 genes, which were also structurally and functionally annotated. Information on timing of speciation, whole genome duplication and expansion of mobile elements (2.5 MYA) were also gathered. A new pipeline (SOILoCo, Scaffold Ordering by Imputation with Low Coverage) was used to anchor the assembled genome to the 17 chromosomal pseudomolecules.

The globe artichoke is consumed as a food product, but it is also a source of bio-active compounds and can be used for the production of lignocellulosic biomass and seed oil for both edible and biofuel purposes.

The sequence is available in the Globe Artichoke Microsatellite Database.