EU Court of Justice Advocate General Says Gene Edited Crops Should be Exempted from GM Food LawsJanuary 24, 2018
In his Opinion on Case C-528/16, Advocate General of the European Court of Justice Michal Bobek said that organisms obtained by mutagenesis are, in principle, exempted from the obligations in the Genetically Modified Organisms Directive of the European Parliament (GMO Directive). The GMO Directive regulates the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and their placing on the market within the EU.
The Opinion Case said that the Directive does not, however, apply to organisms obtained through certain techniques of genetic modification, such as mutagenesis (‘the mutagenesis exemption'). Unlike transgenesis, mutagenesis does not, in principle, entail the insertion of foreign DNA into a living organism.
The Advocate General first considers that an organism obtained by mutagenesis can be a GMO if it fulfills the substantive criteria laid down in the GMO Directive. He observes that the Directive does not require the insertion of foreign DNA in an organism in order for the latter to be considered as a GMO, but merely says that the genetic material has been altered in such a way that does not occur naturally. The Opinion Case also indicated that Member States can legislate with regard to organisms obtained by mutagenesis.
The first reaction to the Opinion Case came from the European Plant Science Organisation (EPSO), which states that it welcomes the Advocate General's opinion, and that it is an important step in clarifying the European Directive concerning organisms modified by recent mutagenesis techniques that appeared after 2001.
The Crop Biotech Update is a weekly newsletter of ISAAA, a non-for-profit organization. The CBU is distributed for free to over 23,000 subscribers worldwide to inform them about the key developments in biosciences, especially in agricultural biotechnology. Your support will help us in our mission to feed the world with knowledge. You can help by donating as little as $10.
See more articles:
News from Around the World
- Nigerian Farmers May Soon Plant Bt Cowpeas
- Scientists Recommend Bt Maize as Solution to Fall Armyworm Infestation in Kenya
- U.S. FDA Approves China's GE Rice
- Study Finds that Hormone Keys Plant Growth or Stress Tolerance, But Not Both
- Plant Biologists Develop Synthetic Auxin to Understand Plant's Mysteries
- Scientists Find "Thermostat" in Plant Immunity
- Wild Rice from Crocodile-Infested Waters in Australia May Help Boost Global Food Security
- Study Reveals More Genes are Active in High-Performance Maize
- EU Court of Justice Advocate General Says Gene Edited Crops Should be Exempted from GM Food Laws
- Apple Protein MdY3IP1 Triggers Early-Flowering and Salt-Tolerance in Arabidopsis
- Scientists Reveal the Role of SlJAZ2 in Tomato
Plant Breeding Innovations
- Optimized CRISPR-Cas9 Induces Targeted Mutation in Kiwifruit
- Researchers Apply CRISPR-Cas9 on Carrot Cells
Beyond Crop Biotech
- CmHSFA4 Positively Regulates Salt Stress Tolerance in Transgenic Chrysanthemum
- 5th International Rice Congress
Subscribe to CBU: