JGI and UNC Develop Functional Genomics Database for Plant Microbiome StudiesDecember 20, 2017
Scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) and University of North Carolina (UNC) developed a catalog of bacterial genomes to help other researchers identify and characterize candidate genes that aid bacteria in thriving in plant environments, especially those involved in bacterial root colonization.
"If we want to engineer the right microbiome to support plant growth, we need to understand the real function of the microbiome and not just sequence marker genes," said study co-first author Asaf Levy, a research scientist at the JGI. "Here we used a massive genomic and computational effort to address the fundamental and important question: ‘How does the plant microbiome interact with the plant?'"
Scientists from various institutions have previously isolated novel bacterial from root environment of Brassicaceae (191), poplar trees (135), and maize (51). The genomes of these 377 bacterial isolates, plus an additional 107 single bacterial cells from roots of Arabidopsis, were then sequenced, assembled, and annotated at the JGI. Then the JGI and UNC researchers combined the new genomes with publicly available genomes that represent the major types of plant-linked bacteria as well as those from non-plant environments. The combined data led to the formation of the database with 3,887 genomes, wherein 1,160 were from plants.
Read the media release of JGI for more details.
The Crop Biotech Update is a weekly newsletter of ISAAA, a not-for-profit organization. The CBU is distributed for free to over 23,000 subscribers worldwide to inform them about the key developments in biosciences, especially in agricultural biotechnology. Your support will help us in our mission to feed the world with knowledge. You can help by donating as little as $10.
See more articles:
News from Around the World
- JGI and UNC Develop Functional Genomics Database for Plant Microbiome Studies
- USDA FAS-GAIN Reports Agri-biotech Updates in Mozambique
- Researchers Trace Potato's Origins, Its Untapped Potential
- Large Scale Trials Reveal Secrets to Adaptation of Modern Corn Hybrids
- Society of Toxicology: No Verifiable Evidence of Potential for Adverse Health Effects of GE Crops
- Temple University Study Did Not Conclude Link Between Canola Oil Consumption and Alzheimer's
- CSIRO Scientists Develop New Type of Wheat with Ten Times More Fiber
- Study Reveals New Insight into "Immortal" Plant Cells
- Scientists Report New Signaling Pathway for Chilling Tolerance in Rice
- Aquaporin Gene Increases Fruit Size and Enhances Drought Tolerance in Tomato
- Overexpression of AtEDT1 Gene Confers Drought Tolerance in Alfalfa
Plant Breeding Innovations
- Knock-out of OsAnn3 Decreases Cold Tolerance in Rice
- Scientists Use CRISPR to Modify Promoters and Boost Crop Yields
Beyond Crop Biotech
- Engineers Create Plants that Glow
- Biotech Country Facts and Trends (Industrial Countries)
Read the latest:
- Crop Biotech Update (December 1, 2022)
- Genome Editing Supplement (November 23, 2022)
- Gene Drive Supplement (December 1, 2022)
Subscribe to CBU: