World Scientists Tackle Food Insecurity Amidst Climate Change 
Challenges for an International Biotech Regulatory Framework 
Compliance with Biosafety Regulations in Developing Countries 

IFAD: Invest in Agriculture to End Poverty 
Drought Tolerant Maize Wins 2012 UK Climate Week Award 
Uganda Minister Appeals for Speedy Approval of Biosafety Bill 

New Alfalfa Variety Could be Big Boost to Dairy Industry 
Mexico Approves 4 Additional GE Corn Pilot Tests 
CFIA Approves Two New Canola Hybrids 
White House Announces $35M for Advanced Biofuels R&D Funding 

Asia and the Pacific
Video-Conferencing on Climate Change and Agricultural Development in Vietnam 
India Aims to Achieve Higher Production of Wheat 
CIMMYT Introduces Wheat Tolerant to Ug99 Fungus in Bangladesh 
Improving Lives of Rural Farmers in Vietnam by Reducing Greenhouse Emissions 
Bioseed and KeyGene Develop Crops for India and SE Asia 

GM Wheat Made to Scare Aphids 
EFSA Releases Scientific Opinion on Continued Marketing of GM Cotton 

A New Validated Protocol for Extraction of DNA from Maize Starch 
Effect of Exposure to Multiple Bt Proteins on Honey Bee Larvae 
Study Reveals Strategies to Combat European Corn Borer 

11th International Conference on Bioinformatics 2012 
5th Indonesia Biotechnology Conference 
11th International Gluten Workshop 

Document Reminders
Pocket K 16: Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops 
Mexican Academy of Sciences Publishes Book on Responsible Use of GMOs 

DNA Traces Cattle Evolution

Scientists from the University College London and partners conducted a study to trace the evolution of domesticated cattle. They extracted the DNA from the bones of domestic cattle excavated in Iranian archaeological sites, where cattle were first domesticated. Based on the results of their genetic study, they concluded that all cattle descended from a small herd composed of 80 animals that were domesticated from wild ox in the Near East around 10,500 years ago.

"This is a surprisingly small number of cattle. We know from archaeological remains that the wild ancestors of modern-day cattle, known as aurochs, were common throughout Asia and Europe, so there would have been plenty of opportunities to capture and domesticate them," said Prof. Mark Thomas, geneticist from the UCL Research Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment.

The study is published in the current issue of the journal Molecular Biology and Evolution.

Read the media release at


This article is part of the Crop Biotech Update, a weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Aquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA)

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