Crop Biotech Update weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800International Team of Scientists Reveals How Plants Turn Light Switch On and Off international team of researchers led by scientists at the RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science in Japan, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University in China, and the University of California, Los Angeles have uncovered the mechanisms through which a key photoreceptor (Cryptochrome 2) that allows plants to respond to blue light is switc...Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800GlobalBiofortification Scientists Awarded with 2016 World Food Prize in Des Moines 2016 World Food Prize laureates Drs. Maria Andrade, Howarth Bouis, Jan Low, and Robert Mwanga were honored during an awarding ceremony on October 13, 2016 at the Iowa State Capitol, Des Moines, Iowa, U.S. before an international audience. Drs. Andrade, Low, and Mwanga of the International Potato Center (CIP) were recognized for their efforts in...Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800GlobalBenefits of 20 Years of GE Crops in Canada year marks the 20th year that Canada has been growing genetically engineered (GE) crops. Ninety percent or more of canola, corn, soybeans, and sugar beets planted in Canada are genetically engineered for better control of yield-reducing weeds and pests. This has reduced inputs across the board from lower fuel consumption to more targeted pesti...Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800AmericasAsian Scientists and Stakeholders Prepare for MOP 8 56 participants from 12 countries convened in the Malaysian Agriculture Research and Development Institute (MARDI) in Serdang, Malaysia to facilitate the participation of Asian scientists and stakeholders in the upcoming Meeting of the Parties (MOP 8) and Conference of the Parties (COP 13) in Cancun, Mexico. The workshop Strengthening Asia's P...Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificNew Act Lifts Moratorium on GM Crop Planting in Western Australia Parliament of Western Australia has repealed the Genetically Modified Crops Free Areas Act 2003, which imposed a moratorium on the commercial cultivation of genetically modified crops (GM) in Western Australia. Genetically Modified Crops Free Areas Repeal Act 2015 repealed the former 2003 Act, and consequently amended the Biosecurity and Agricu...Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificEFSA Publishes Scientific Opinion for Market Release of GM Cotton GHB119 European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO Panel) has published the Scientific Opinion on the safety of genetically modified insect resistant and herbicide tolerant cotton GHB119 (Unique Identifier BCS-GHØØ5-8). Application EFSA-GMO-NL-2011-96 was submitted by Bayer CropScience AG, and the scope is for im...Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800EuropeResearchers Identify Gene that Influences Plant Root Development at the Molecular Phytopathology Group of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Germany have identified the gene that controls plant root development and enables symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) fungi. Land plants live in symbiosis with AM fungi. Both sides benefit from each other: the AM fungi help plants extract nutrients,...Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800EuropeScientists Identify Corn Genes in Charge of Calling for Help volatiles not only have multiple defense functions but are also connected to signaling within the plant as well as towards other organisms. When corn plants (Zea mays) are being eaten by caterpillars, they release a scent, from terpenes, that attract parasitic wasps with larvae that can consume the caterpillar. However, not all corn varieties...Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800EuropeScientists Analyze Phytoene Synthase 1 Gene Function in Wheat synthase 1 (PSY1) is the most important regulatory enzyme in carotenoid biosynthesis. However, its function in common wheat (Triticum aestivum) is unknown. Chinese researchers, led by Shengnan Zhai of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, investigated the function and regulation of Psy1 using reverse genetics.Transcript levels of P...Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800ResearchCyanobacterial Flavodoxin Overexpression Confers Abiotic Resistance in Creeping Bentgrass (Fld) is vital in photosynthetic microorganisms as an alternative electron carrier under adverse environmental conditions. Cyanobacterial Fld was revealed to be capable of substituting ferredoxin of higher plants in most electron transfer processes under stress conditions. A team of researchers, led by Zhigang Li from Huazhong Agricultur...Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800ResearchTargeted Mutagenesis of P450 Gene Confers Male Sterility in Monocots mutagenesis using programmable DNA endonucleases, such as CRISPR and TALENs, is promising in studying gene function in plants and in improving crop yields. Recently, a method that eliminates the need to emasculate the female inbred during hybrid seed production has been described. The system relies on identifying genes critical to anther a...Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesProtein for Treatment of Cocaine Abuse Expressed in Tobacco Leaves recently reported cocaine hydrolase (CocH3) fused with fragment crystallizable (Fc) region of human immunoglobulin G1, denoted as CocH3-Fc, is a promising therapeutic candidate for the treatment of cocaine overdose and addiction. However, large-scale protein production of this enzyme is still lacking. Therefore, researchers from the University of...Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop BiotechScientific Conference on GMO Crops Scientific Conference: Taking Stock – 20 Years of GM Crops – 40 Years of ‘Genetic EngineeringWhen: December 1-2, 2016Where: Mexico City, MexicoFor more details, visit the conference website....Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800AnnouncementsISAAA Releases New Pocket K on Marine Biotechnology started in the sea. The earth's surface is mostly ocean, which has the most ancient and most diverse forms of life. Thus, the marine environment is the treasure throve of biological and chemical diversity among all types of ecosystems. It has a wide variety of living organisms, from bacteria to eukaryotes, as well as unique chemical compounds ...Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:00:00 +0800Document Reminders