Crop Biotech Update weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800ISAAA Brief 47: The Status of Commercialized Bt Brinjal in Bangladesh releases the latest Brief 47: The Status of Commercialized Bt Brinjal in Bangladesh. Brief 47 presents a thorough review and analysis of the deregulation of Bt brinjal in Bangladesh – from the scientific and biosafety assessment and commercial release to the planting of Bt brinjal by farmers in Bangladesh. Bangladesh is the first country in t...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800GlobalGenetic Blueprint of Bread Wheat Genome Unveiled International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC) has published in Science a draft sequence of the bread wheat genome. The draft sequence provides new insight into the structure, organization, and evolution of the world's most widely grown cereal crop. The consortium has established the first reference sequence for the largest chromosome...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800GlobalGlobal Biotech Groups Unite trade organizations from different continents joined forces to form a council that aims to support international biotech development. The bylaws of the International Council of Biotechnology Associations (ICBA) was ratified on July 10, 2014 in Washington, D.C., during the BIO International Convention. The founding members include Biotechnol...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800GlobalUS House Agri Subcommittee Highlights Benefits of Biotech US House Agriculture Committee's Subcommittee on Horticulture, Research, Biotechnology, and Foreign Agriculture held a public hearing to consider the benefits of biotechnology. The hearing was held on July 9, 2014. The witnesses in the hearing include Dr. David Just of Cornell University; Dr. Calestous Juma of Harvard University; Dr. Olga Bolde...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800AmericasReport Shows GM Corn Area Nearly Doubled in a Decade United States Department of Agriculture has released a new report on the adoption of herbicide tolerant and insect resistant crops since their introduction in 1996. According to the report, the percentage of genetically modified (GM) seed within the U.S. corn crop nearly doubled over the past 10 years, from less than half of the total planted c...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800AmericasHokkaido Farmers Hopeful for Field Trials of GM Crops in Hokkaido expressed their enthusiasm to field trial GM crops during the two symposia conducted in Hokkaido University and Obihiro University on July 12 and 14, respectively. A total of 70 stakeholders composed of farmers, consumers, researchers, faculty, and students participated in the two seminars. The back-to-back symposia were co-org...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificLess Chlorophyll to Boost Wheat Yields of Western Australia (UWA) is repeating wheat experiments done five decades ago to see if lower chlorophyll levels promote greater grain yields. Adjunct Professor John Hamblin and team prepared for trials using wheat varieties with very low chlorophyll. Professor Hamblin offers four possible reasons why low-chlorophyll wheat might be mor...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificNovel Gene for Salt Tolerance Found in Wild Soybean have identified a gene of wild soybean linked to salt tolerance that could help soybean grow in saline soil. The research team include experts from The Chinese University of Hong Kong, BGI and other institutes. The research team discovered a novel ion transporter gene, GmCHX1, and suggested it is related to salt tolerance, and that it a...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificKorea Holds Plant Breeding Symposium Korean Society of Breeding Science hosted a symposium "Plant Breeding Strategies for Improvement of Productivity" on July 2-4, 2014 at Ramada Plaza Jeju Hotel in Korea. Co-organizers were the Next-Generation BioGreen21 Program and Golden Seed Project. Topics of discussion were on conventional breeding strategy in China (Zhong-Ze Piao, Shanghai ...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificResearchers Capture Genetic Snapshot of Maize University researchers have captured a 'genetic snapshot' of maize as it existed 10 million years ago when the plant doubled its genome. They then traced how maize evolved to use these 'copied' genes to cope with the pressures of domestication 12,000 years ago. The team discovered that these copied genes were important to optimizing photosyn...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800EuropeScientists Watch Photosynthesis in Action international team of scientists has caught an important step of photosynthesis for the first time. Led by Prof. Petra Fromme from Arizona State University, the team used the world's most powerful X-ray flashlight at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory in the U.S. to record still frames of a molecular complex called photosystem II as it spl...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800EuropeSolar Ultraviolet Radiation May Improve Grape Fruit and Wine Quality (UV) radiation affects the expression of several phenylpropanoid biosynthesis-related genes, which in turn affects the final composition of both grapes and wines. However, the full influence of solar UV radiation in grapes remains relatively unknown.Researchers from the Universidad de La Rioja, Edificio Científico-Tecnológico in Spain f...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800ResearchRhodococcus Requires Only a Single Cytokinin to Cause Gall Symptoms., a member of the Actinobacteria, can cause gall symptoms and deformities and are pathogens to a wide range of plants. A current belief is that pathogenic Rhodococcus isolates contain the fas operon. This fas operon produces a mixture of growth-regulating cytokinins which, in turn, cause hormonal imbalance in plants, resulting in abnorma...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800ResearchMLO Gene Family may Hold Key to Powdery Mildew Resistance in Rosaceae Species mildew (PM) caused by Podosphaera leucotricha is a major fungal disease of thousands of plants, including many cultivated Rosaceae species. PM pathogenesis is associated with up-regulation of MLO genes during early stages of infection. The genes' upregulation causes decrease in plant defense. MLO gene family can act as susceptibility genes,...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800ResearchChlamydial Infection in Men Causes Apoptosis of Sperm Cells from the University of Sfax in Tunisia conducted a study to determine the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasmas, and Ureaplasmas in semen samples from male partners of infertile couples. Another objective of their study was to investigate whether Chlamydia trachomatis could initiate apoptosis, or programmed cell death, in hum...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop BiotechBioinformatics Training ECCB14-Workshop on the Dual Benefit of Bioinformatics TrainingWhen: September 7, 2014Where: Strasbourg, FranceFor more details, visit, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800AnnouncementsCountry Biotech Facts and Trends releases the second batch in the revised series Biotech Country Facts and Trends. This set features the five developing biotech countries of South Africa, Pakistan, Uruguay, Bolivia, and the Philippines. Biotech Country Facts and Trends are concise summaries highlighting the commercialization of biotech crops in specific countries. Data on bi...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800Document RemindersInfographic on GM Safety infographic featuring the conclusions of GM safety is published on the website Agrogene ( It extracts the final conclusions about GM safety made by 9 international organizations and 9 state institutions. These authorities includes World Health Organization (WHO) , European Commission (EC), Food and Agriculture Organization of th...Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:00:00 +0800Document Reminders