Crop Biotech Update weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800Tanzania Deputy Minister for Agri Advocates Adoption of Biotech in Agriculture's Assistant Minister for Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives, Mr. Godfrey Zambi, said that Tanzania cannot afford to ignore the benefits of biotechnology in developing various sectors of the economy, especially in agriculture. He said this during the launch of the ISAAA Brief 49: Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops 201...Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800AfricaScientists Find New Tool for Pathogen to Pillage Plants have a variety of tricks to avoid detection when plundering a plant cell. According to researchers from Boyce Thompson Institute and the USDA-Agricultural Research Service, a protein from Pseudomonas syringae AvrPtoB suppresses the immune response of plants. AvrPtoB prevents the plant from detecting another bacterial protein, HopAD1, w...Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800AmericasCanadian Government Ratifies International Treaty on Plant Variety Protection System Agriculture Minster Gerry Ritz announced the ratification of UPOV '91 treaty to enhance plant variety protection system in the country. This action marks as completion of key measures for the recently-passed Agricultural Growth Act, which have modernized legislation around breeders' rights, allowing Canada to finally ratify UPOV '91. The ins...Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800AmericasPhilRice Develops Method for Rice Viral Infection Detection Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice), with the support of the Department of Agriculture-Biotechnology Program, is developing a better and faster method of virus detection in rice and insect vectors. The method, called loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay has already been successful in diagnosing pathogens in animals and ...Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificAustralian Farmers Planting More GM Canola in Australia are increasingly turning to GM technology to improve yields and on-farm weed management, according to Nick Goddard, the executive director of the Australian Oilseeds Federation. Speaking at the Future Farming Forum in Adelaide on June 22, 2015, where GM technologies were discussed, Mr. Goddard said that since Western Australia ...Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificGene Associated with Morphine Production in Poppy Plant Discovered from University of York and GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) Australia conducted a study which led to the discovery of the gene in poppy plants that is necessary in morphine production. Morphine is a natural compound found in poppy plant and used in painkillers. The researchers discovered that the gene, STORR is the one producing morphinans and ev...Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificRothamsted Research Releases Results of GM Wheat Field Trials of the GM wheat field trial conducted by Rothamsted Research in 2012-2013 show that GM wheat producing aphid alarm pheromone did not repel aphids in the field. Their findings are published in Scientific Reports journal. Aphids are known to be a destructive pest of wheat, transmitting viruses and decreasing yield. Farmers turn to insecticide...Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800EuropeIdentification of Powdery Mildew Susceptibility Genes in Solanaceae Plants genes of the Mildew Locus O (MLO) gene family are linked to susceptibility towards powdery mildew fungal disease, which causes economic losses in agricultural settings. To search for source of powdery mildew resistance, Michela Appiano from Wageningen University and colleagues developed a breeding strategy based on the selective inactivati...Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800ResearchHost-Induced Gene Silencing Reduced Aflatoxin in Maize of crops by aflatoxin-producing fungi results in economic losses as well as negative health effects. Currently, control strategies against aflatoxin accumulation are not effective for small farms in Africa causing widespread aflatoxin exposure. A strategy called host-induced gene silencing holds great potential for developing aflatoxin-...Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800ResearchMechanism Involved in Drought Response of Arabidopsis thaliana Identified thaliana as the model plant and bred double mutant variant of A. thaliana expressing defective genes of At3g03940 and At5g18190. These varieties were subject under drought treatment conditions. The results of their study reveal that mutant A. thaliana shows dwarfism and hypersensitivity to osmotic stress. In addition, the double mutant ...Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800ResearchResearchers Discover How Petunias Know When to Smell Good creatures wrestle with proper timing, including humans and plants. University of Washington (UW) researchers recently discovered that this struggle even extends to the release of fragrant scent of garden flowers.The UW research team has identified a key mechanism that plants use to decide when to release their floral scents to attract pollinato...Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop BiotechGene Controls Behavioral Changes During Warmer Temperatures study was conducted by University of Leicester researchers which explored the influence of environment in the biological clock of the fruitfly (Drosophila melongaster). Based on their study, fruitfly in the wild under natural summer temperatures has a large afternoon locomotor response. This hyperactivity of the fruitfly is controlled by the ther...Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop BiotechVideo: Where Do Farmers Get their Seeds? Policy Communication Group at the University of California, Davis released a video answering how and why farmers choose seeds for their farm. Watch the video at GMO Answers....Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800Document RemindersJournalists Applaud Increased Engagement with Agricultural Scientists who attended a media sensitization workshop on biotechnology organized by Uganda Biosciences Information Center, urged the agriculture communication and information hub to increase deliberate efforts to link them to scientists so as to promote better science reporting. During the workshop which was held on June 23, 2015 at the National...Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800From the BICsAgriculture Boot Camp for Miss Uganda Contestants 2015/16 a bid to promote agriculture and increase awareness on modern agricultural technologies, Uganda Biosciences Information Center (UBIC) in collaboration with Miss Uganda Foundation organized a boot-camp from June 22-26, 2015 at the National Crops Resources Research Institute (NaCRRI). Agriculture is an important source of livelihood to more than 7...Wed, 1 Jul 2015 17:00:00 +0800From the BICs