Crop Biotech Update weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800Scientists Discuss Upcoming Biosafety Law in Egypt one-day workshop on biosafety was held at Academy of Scientific Research and Technology on July 9, 2017 under the leadership of Prof. Dr. Abdel Monem ElBanna, the Minister of Agriculture and Land Reclamation and Prof. Mahmoud Sakr, President of ASRT.In his speech Prof. Dr. Hamdi Abdel Aziz, Vice President of the Executive Committee of the Nationa...Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800AfricaUgandan Government Supports Passage of Biosafety Bill Elioda Tumwesgye, Ugandan Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation has reaffirmed government support towards the passage of a Biosafety Bill currently under parliamentary debate. The Minister spoke as he officially opened the Agri-biotechnology and Biosafety Communication (ABBC) 2017 Africa Symposium, in Entebbe, Uganda on July 18, 2017....Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800AfricaScientists Identify Link Between Plant Nitrogen Uptake and Greenhouse Gas Reductions management processes contributing to optimal levels of nitrogen uptake could lead to lower greenhouse gas emissions, according to a study conducted by Purdue University scientists. The results are published in the journal Frontiers in Plant Science. "Previous internationally accepted estimates were that for every pound of nitrogen fertilizer a...Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800AmericasInduced Defences in Tomato Plants Cause Cannibalism among Pests plants can influence caterpillars to become cannibals, according to a study conducted by scientists from the University of Wisconsin. The results are published in Nature Ecology and Evolution. Herbivorous pests have been known to eat each other when there is shortage of food. Some plants also influence pests by making them more predatory tow...Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800AmericasUSDA Urged to Start Over on Proposed Rule to Revamp Biotech Regulation US government has regulated genetically modified organisms (GMOs) under the "Coordinated Framework for the Regulation of Biotechnology" (Coordinated Framework). In January 2017, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) published a proposed rule to revise the Agency's biotechnology regulation...Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800AmericasInternational Team Uncovers How Wheat Lost Battle Against Blast, including a plant pathologist from the University of Kentucky (UK) have uncovered an important link to wheat blast, a devastating disease. Wheat in North America has not been susceptible to wheat blast, but in 2011, UK researchers discovered a single diseased wheat head in a research plot at the UK Research and Education Center in Prin...Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800AmericasCSIRO Releases Australia's Food and Agribusiness Roadmap Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) released the Food and Agribusiness Roadmap, which shows detailed action plans for new products and innovation to ensure future success in the sector. The new technologies include algae-based protein, allergenic-free nuts, tolerable varieties of lactose and gluten, and edible packa...Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificAustralian OGTR Approves Field Trial of GM Wheat and Barley's Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (OGTR) has issued a license to the University of Adelaide for the limited and controlled release (field trial) of wheat and barley genetically modified (GM) for abiotic stress tolerance and yield enhancement.The field trial (License Application DIR 152) is authorized to take place at up to five si...Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificScientists Discover Plants Use Calcium to Send Internal Warning Signals of Aphid Attacks at the John Innes Centre (JIC) have discovered that plants under aphid attack use calcium as a warning signal. They found that when the insect feeds on leaves, it triggers the plant to send calcium into damaged cells. This prompts the plant to signal that an attack is underway, and a larger amount of calcium is then mobilized from within...Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800EuropePathogen-inducible Ta-Lr34res Expression Confers Disease Resistance in Barley Ta-Lr34res gene confers partial, durable, and broad spectrum resistance against several fungal pathogens in wheat (Triticum aestivum). Transgenic barley (Hordeum vulgare) lines expressing Ta-Lr34res showed enhanced resistance against powdery mildew and leaf rust. While the gene is only active at adult stage in wheat, Ta-Lr34res was found to be ...Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800ResearchEctopic Expression of OsExtensin-like Gene in Rice Enhances Plant Lodging Resistance lodging resistance is an important agronomic trait for grain yield and quality in crops. Extensin proteins are associated with plant cell growth and cell wall construction. However, little has yet been reported on their effect on on plant lodging resistance. A team from Huazhong Agricultural University in China, led by Chunfen Fan, isolated a...Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800ResearchDevelopment of Low-Cesium Rice Plants via CRISPR-Cas of radiocesium in food has raised health concerns after nuclear accidents. Despite being present at low concentrations in contaminated soils, cesium (Cs+) can still be taken up by crops and transported to their edible parts. Such a plant capacity to take up Cs+ from low concentrations has affected the production of rice (Oryza sativa L.)...Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesHarvard Scientists Use CRISPR-Cas to Store Movie Clips in DNA from Harvard Medical School in Boston successfully created cellular recording systems that are capable of encoding a series of events in a cell using the CRISPR-Cas system. Seth Shipman and colleagues designed a system called CRISPR clips, which used the ability to capture DNA fragments from invading viruses and store them in an organize...Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop BiotechBeyond Promises: Facts About Biotech/GM Crops in 2016 releases Biotech Booklet No. 6, "Beyond Promises: Facts About Biotech/GM Crops in 2016," a visual presentation of the 10 important highlights about biotech crops from 1996 to 2016, taken from ISAAA Brief 52: Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2016.The booklet and other publications from Brief 52 are available for download at th...Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800Document RemindersASTA Launches Plant Breeding Animation Video American Seed Trade Association (ASTA) launched the Plant Breeding Innovation, an animated video that shares the story of plant breeding by exploring its history and future, from the ancient domestication of wild crops to gene editing and beyond. The video, along with others like it, is available at the ASTA Video Library....Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:00 +0800Document Reminders