Crop Biotech Update weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800OFAB Nigeria Recognizes Media for Effective Biotech Reporting Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology (OFAB) Nigeria Chapter held a media award ceremony on August 30, 2017, at the Sheraton Hotels and Towers, Abuja, Nigeria. The event honors media practitioners and distinguished Nigerians who have contributed to raising awareness on biotechnology in the country. The Chief Guest, Prof. Turner Isoun, Nigeria's ...Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800AfricaUganda Harvests Another Successful GM Cassava Trial mosaic disease (CMD) and cassava brown streak (CBSD) are still the most challenging constraints for cassava production in the Sub-Saharan Africa. Some Ugandans describe them as HIV for cassava. Although, there are CMD resistant cassava varieties, it is still a challenge since a good number of farmers have not yet accessed them. Annual losse...Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800AfricaPurdue Researchers Identify New Soybean Gene to Fight Phytophthora from Purdue University and Dow AgroSciences have discovered a novel soybean gene that provides resistance to multiple types of Phytophthora sojae, the soil-borne pathogen causing soybean farmers in the U.S. to lose approximately $250 million per year due to soybean stem and root rot. The researchers screened a wide variety of soybean ge...Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800AmericasVietnam Encourages Use of GM Corn to Increase Productivity to the Department of Crop Production, in recent years, the maize area has reached more than 1 million ha/year, the yield is rather low - only 4.6 million tons/ha. Annually, Vietnam still has to spend a large amount of foreign currency to import corn seeds to serve the needs of animal feed processing in the country. In 2016, Vietnam import...Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificFSANZ Calls for Submission on GM Canola Application Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) has called for submissions on an application that seeks to allow food from a genetically modified (GM) canola line that produces an omega-3 fatty acid. The GM canola developed by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) and Nuseed Pty Ltd) was modified to produce the l...Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificBrookes Presents Global Impact of Biotech Crops (1996-2015) to Indonesian Stakeholders the last 20 years, crop biotechnology has significantly reduced agriculture's environmental impact and stimulated economic growth in the 26 countries where the technology is used. The innovative agricultural technology has contributed to preserving the earth's natural resources while allowing farmers to grow more, high quality crops. It has al...Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificFilipino Farmers Await Bt Eggplant Commercialization than a hundred farmers and municipal agriculturists and technicians from the provinces of Pangasinan, Batangas, Quezon, and Davao in the Philippines expressed full support for the commercial planting of Bt eggplant. They hoped that the seeds be made available soon, after learning about its science, safety, and potential socioeconomic benefits ...Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificGene from Wild Grapevine Involved in Powdery Mildew Response in Transgenic Grapevine plays important roles in disease resistance in plants. Lingmin Dai of Northwest A&F University in China identified and characterized the RING-type ubiquitin ligase gene, VpUR9, from the powdery mildew resistant Chinese wild grapevine (Vitis pseudoreticulata). The results are published in Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture.The ge...Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800ResearchMsmiR156 Promotes Root Development and Nitrogen Fixation Activity in Alfalfa (miR156) regulates a network of genes that affect plant growth and development. Previous studies have generated alfalfa (Medicago sativa) plants that overexpress homologous miR156 (MsmiR156OE), which exhibited increased vegetative yield, delayed flowering, and longer roots. A team of scientists from the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada ...Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800ResearchCry1Ac in Tomato Confers Resistance to Tomato Leaf Miner leaf miner (Tuta absoluta) is a major pest of tomato. This insect feeds on almost every part of the plant, causing plant death. Furthermore, this pest is difficult to control with chemical sprays. Researchers from Izmir Institute of Technology and Akdeniz University in Turkey transformed a modified Bacillus thuringiensis cry1Ac gene into tom...Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800ResearchCRISPR-Cas9 Used to Analyze Cold Tolerance Related Transcription Factors in Rice (Oryza sativa) seedlings are sensitive to chilling. Hence, improvement of chilling tolerance in rice could increase rice quality and production. The team of Huang Xiao Zhen from Guizhou University in China isolated a transcription factor, TIFY1b, which could be involved in rice cold resistance. To explore the function of TIFY1b and its homolog...Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesCRISPR Scissors Utilized to Break Yield Barrier in Crops at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) have tapped genome editing to improve agricultural crops. Using tomato as an example, they used CRISPR-Cas9 technology to rapidly generate variants of the plant that display a broad continuum of three separate, agriculturally important traits: fruit size, branching architecture, and overall plant s...Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesScientists Sequence Apostasia Orchid Genome international team of researchers has sequenced the genome of the orchid Apostasia shenzhenica, an orchid type found in Southeast China. The researchers used 10x genomics scaffolding to conduct both short and long-read sequencing to develop a genome sequence of the plant. They also used the results of their work to compare the plant with other o...Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop BiotechIncreased Expression of FSH Decreases Fecundity in Transgenic Female Pigs hormone (FSH) regulates reproduction in mammals. Overexpression of the exogenous FSHα/β genes from Chinese Erhualian pigs improved female fertility of transgenic mice and male spermatogenesis ability of transgenic Large White boars. The team of Kai Jiang of Jiangxi Agricultural University in China investigated the imp...Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop Biotech