Crop Biotech Updatehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/A weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing Enters into Forcehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12818Governments concur on a sequence of actions that will move forward the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing, which entered into force on October 12, 2014. Representatives of governments convened in Pyeongchang, Korea, on October 13-17, 2014, for the first Meeting of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the...Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800GlobalWheat Scientist Sanjaya Rajaram Awarded the 2014 World Food Prizehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12814Wheat breeder Dr. Sanjaya Rajaram was awarded The World Food Prize during the World Food Day and the UN-FAO's International Year of Family Farming in Des Moines, Iowa. The award was given during the centennial year of its founder and Dr. Rajaram's mentor, Dr. Norman Borlaug. Dr. Rajaram has developed more than 480 varieties of wheat, and his resear...Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800GlobalWorld Food Day Spotlights Family Farmershttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12817On October 16, 2014, nations celebrated the World Food Day focusing on the theme Family Farming: Feeding the World, Caring the Earth. According to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) report State of Food and Agriculture 2014 released on the same date, 9 out of 10 of the world's 570 million farms are operated by families. F...Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800GlobalMicroRNAs' Role in Immunity of Tomato to Wiltinghttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12809Researchers from University of California at Riverside study the role of microRNA (miRNA) in the resistance of tomato against Fusarium oxysporum that causes vascular wilt disease. The experiment was conducted by doing a comparative miRNA profiling between Moneymaker, a susceptible tomato cultivar, and Motelle, a resistant tomato cultivar. The roots...Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800AmericasResearchers Find How Plants Heal from Bad Sunburnhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12813Researchers from Washington State University (WSU) led by biologist Helmut Kirchhoff have found the mechanism by which plants heal from the botanical equivalent of a bad sunburn. Kirchhoff said plants are continuously exposed to solar damage. While the process produces energy for plants, it also creates modified oxygen molecules, called reactive ox...Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800AmericasUSDA Extends Determination of Nonregulated Status of IR Soybean MON87751http://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12815The USDA Animal and Plant Heath Inspection Service (APHIS) announced the extension of determination of nonregulated status for insect resistant soybean MON 87751. According to APHIS Deputy Administrator for Biotechnology Regulatory Service, Michael Firko, they have determined that MON 87751 soy and progeny derived from it are unlikely to pose plant...Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800AmericasGenome Assembler Selection Made Easierhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12812One of the challenges for researchers after the sequencing of genetic code is to find the appropriate assembler. This is a challenge because of the several factors that need to be considered upon assembling DNA fragments. This problem is being addressed by the use of a repository of genome assemblers, http://nucleotide.es, developed by Michael Bart...Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800AmericasScientists Discover New Enzyme from Local Herbhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12820Scientists at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore (NTU Singapore) have discovered a new molecule which can join together chains of amino acids, the building blocks of protein. The new molecule was derived from a common medicinal plant found in Singapore and Southeast Asia, scientifically known as Clitoria ternatea, or Blue Butterfly Pea. ...Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificRothamsted Researchers Use Lure-and-kill Technology to Battle Legume Pestshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12819Pea and bean weevil and bruchid beetle are common pests of legumes in the UK. Damage caused by these pests affect the quality and value of the legumes, thus farmers spray insecticides to the plants. However, growers have reported that spray applications have become less effective. Thus, Rothamsted Research and partners are conducting a study to dev...Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800EuropeIdentification of QTLs for Phytochemical Production in Arabidopsishttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12811Scopoletin and scopolin are important secondary metabolites produced in plants as a defense mechanism against abiotic stresses. They belong to coumarins, phytochemicals widely used in medical applications and cosmetics. While coumarins scopolin and scopoletin occur in Arabidopsis thaliana roots, nothing is known about their variation in different A...Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800ResearchThe Role of Small RNAs in the Formation of Polyploid Brassicahttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12823Hybridization in plants combines different genomes in the same cell, and genome "shock" and instability occur during this process. Chromosome doubling then reconstructs the genome dosage. Recent studies have shown that small RNAs play an important role in maintaining genome stability. However, little is known of small RNA's role during wide hybridi...Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800ResearchRestoring Extinct Species through Genetic Engineeringhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12810Harvard geneticist, George Church is working on a study about restoring mammoth through the use of genetic engineering in Asian elephant, the closer relative of mammoth than African elephant. According to Church, this can be done by increasing the cold tolerance of Asian elephants which will require several changes in the traits of Asian elephants....Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop BiotechNew Plant-based Technology for Mining Wastehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12821Researchers from the University of Santiago de Chile have developed a plant-based technology known as "phytostabilization," to combat the effects of contaminants produced from mining production processes. Phytostabilization reduces the mobility of heavy metals in soil by growing metal-tolerant plants that can retain contaminants in mine waste. The ...Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop Biotech2014 Perspectiveshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12816World Food Day Network and FAO Liason Office for North America released Perspectives, a series of essays on the value and future of family farming written by farmers, ranchers, and leaders in agriculture, research, and economics. Read the essays at http://www.worldfooddayusa.org/perspectives_2014....Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Document RemindersPangasinan Agri Officers and Farmers Express Support for Bt Eggplanthttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12822Seventeen agriculture officers, local government constituents, and farmers from municipalities of the top eggplant producing province of Pangasinan, Philippines expressed their appreciation of modern biotechnology after learning about its techniques, applications, and products during the Biotechnology 101: Seminar-Workshop and Study Visit on Biotec...Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800From the BICs