Crop Biotech Update weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800FAO Calls for Urgent Actions to Reverse the Rise in Hunger the recent increase in the number of hungry people globally, urgent actions are needed to overturn this condition, according to Jose Graziano da Silva, Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). He mentioned this during a meeting with the FAO Council on December 4, 2017 in Rome, Italy.He stressed tha...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800GlobalGlobal Impact of Not Planting Herbicide Tolerant Crops Due to Glyphosate Ban will happen if herbicide tolerant crops are no longer available because glyphosate is banned? This questioned was answered by PG Economic's Graham Brookes, and Purdue University's Farzad Taheripour and Wallace Tyner in their research article published in GM Crops and Food.According to the paper, the initial impacts include loss of global farm ...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800GlobalStudy Identifies Genetic Basis of Western Corn Rootworm Resistance new study by University of Illinois researchers has uncovered the genetic basis of resistance to western corn rootworm. The study was conducted within the context of a large, long standing project called Germplasm Enhancement of Maize (GEM), which aims to diversify the tools available to corn breeders by tapping the genetic resources of maize acc...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800AmericasNew Technique to Help Plant Breeders Develop Drought Resistant Varieties Faster from the Canadian Light Source (CLS) have teamed up with researchers from the University of Saskatchewan (U of S) to develop a new technique to examine drought tolerance in wheat. Led by Chithra Karunakaran and Karen Tanino, the team developed a simple non-destructive method to screen hundreds of wheat leaf samples in a day, reducing the...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800AmericasAustralian OGTR Invites Comments for Field Trial of GM Perennial Ryegrass Australian Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (OGTR) is currently assessing license application DIR 160 from the Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources in Victoria, for a field trial (limited and controlled release) of perennial ryegrass genetically modified (GM) for fructan biosynthesis. The field trial will ass...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificMax Planck Researchers Engineer Key Enzyme in Photosynthesis at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry have succeeded in producing functional plant Rubisco in a bacterium, allowing genetic engineering of the enzyme. Rubisco, a critical enzyme in photosynthesis, catalyzes the first step in carbohydrate production in plants, the fixation of CO2 from the atmosphere. The researchers, led by Dr. Man...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800EuropeDND1-Silencing in Potato and Tomato Confers Resistance to Botrytis cinerea cinerea infects many crops including potato and tomato. Major genes for complete resistance to B. cinerea are not known, but a few quantitative trait loci (QTL) have been described in tomato. Previous studies have also proven that the loss of function of particular susceptibility (S) genes may provide resistance to B. cinerea in Arabidopsi...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800ResearchThPP1 Gene Enhances Alkali Stress Tolerance in Transgenic Rice pyrophosphorylase is essential in the hydrolysis of pyrophosphate to inorganic phosphate during plant growth. Chinese scientists led by Rui He of Shenyang Agricultural University and the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, studied the transgenic rice overexpressing a soluble inorganic pyrophosphatase gene, ThPP1, from salt cress (Th...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800ResearchArabidopsis' AtGOLS1 Gene Negatively Regulates Seed Germination germination begins the growth phases of plants and its rate is affected by plant hormones such as abscisic acid (ABA), gibberellin (GA) and brassinosteroids (BRs), as well as by environmental factors. The team of Ji-Hye Jang of Sookmyung Women's University in South Korea searched for additional reagents that may affect seed germination using t...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800ResearchIndian Researchers Test CRISPR-Cas9 Genome Editing in Banana has been reported for precise genome modification in many plants. However, it has not been reported in banana. To prove this concept, researchers from the National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute in India aims to perform a successful mutation in the phytoene desaturase gene (RAS-PDS) of banana cv. Rasthali using the CRISPR-Cas9 system...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesLignin Reduction Observed in CRISPR-Edited Switchgrass, a major component of the plant cell wall, stands as a barrier to efficient biofuel production from switchgrass (Panicum virgatum). While the advent of genome editing technologies offers new opportunities for improving switchgrass, its allotetraploidy (2n = 4x =36) may make it difficult to engineer.The team of Jong-Jin Park of Oak Ridge Nati...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesSalk Scientists Use Modified CRISPR System to Treat Diseases at Salk Institute for Biological Studies have developed a new version of CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing technology that enabled them to activate genes without creating breaks in the DNA. This breakthrough has the potential to help human disease treatment using gene editing tools. With the original CRISPR-Cas9 system, the process entails use ...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop BiotechSugarcane in Africa latest addition to the VIB - International Plant Biotechnology Outreach (IPBO) Facts Series Sugarcane in Africa reviews the opportunities and challenges for sugarcane production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Ethanol production does not necessarily require additional cane production, or does not impact sugar production, because ethanol can be produced ...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800Document RemindersBiotech Crop and Traits Annual Updates releases the updated series Biotech Crop Annual Updates and Biotech Traits Annual Updates. The Biotech Crop Annual Updates includes five short documents on biotech crops, namely: soybean, maize, cotton, canola, and alfalfa. Information in the series includes data on adoption, adopting countries, and the benefits of each biotech crop, based on...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800Document RemindersISAAA Blog: Clive James and ISAAA, Top Sources of Info on Biotech in the Philippines writers often solicit supporting information about their stories from various sources through interviews or readily-available references. The "voices" behind the stories usually have an impact on how stories are told.The study Seventeen Years of Media Reportage of Modern Biotechnology in the Philippines, published in the April 2017 issue of th...Wed, 13 Dec 2017 17:00:00 +0800Document Reminders