Crop Biotech Updatehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/A weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800USDA APHIS Extends Comment Period for Nonregulated Status GM Canolahttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15434The United States Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA APHIS) is extending the comment period for their previous notice to the public. Hence, APHIS have reached a preliminary decision to extend the determination of nonregulated status of InVigor® MS8 canola (hereinafter MS8 canola) to Bayer's canola event MS1...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800AmericasObama Talks about Benefits of Agri-biotechhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15438"The truth is humanity has always engaged in genetic modifications…The rice we eat or the corn we eat or the wheat we eat does not look like what corn or rice or wheat looked like 1,000 years ago," said former US president, Barack Obama during a speech at the Seeds and Chips Global Food Innovation Summit in Milan, Italy on May 9, 2017. During his s...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800AmericasCompetition Turns On Plant Geneshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15432A group of researchers from the University of Michigan and University of California Davis studying the sociability of clovers have found that a single gene coding for UDP-glucose flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase plays a key role in plant diversity and competition. The coded flavonoid enzyme was found to be involved in many plant interactions, incl...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800AmericasAustralian OGTR Invites Comments for Field Trial of GM Sorghumhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15431The Australian Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (OGTR) invites comments from the public to assess license application DIR 153 from The University of Queensland for a field trial (limited and controlled release) of sorghum genetically modified for grain quality traits. The trial is proposed to take place between October 2017 and June 2020 in ...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificIndian Farmers May Soon Adopt Indigenously Developed Insect Resistant Cottonhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15436Three genetically modified (Bt) and indigenously developed varieties of cotton seeds are expected to be commercially released in India for the first time. According to government officials, the cotton seeds PAU-1, RS 2013, and F-1861 have been recommended by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) for commercial release. The seeds can be...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificIndia's GEAC Approves GM Mustard for Commercial Plantinghttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15428The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC), India's GM crop regulator has recommended the commercial use of genetically modified (GM) mustard in a submission to the environment ministry. GEAC, which is under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MOEF), reviewed a report of a sub-committee constituted to look at the safety ...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificDEFRA Approves GM Potato Field Trialshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15433The United Kingdom's Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) has approved The Sainsbury Laboratory's application to conduct field trials of GM potato crops on a designated trial site at the Norwich Research Park between 2017 and 2021. The field trials are part of TSL's Potato Partnership Project to develop a Maris Piper potato th...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800EuropeOverexpression of Galactinol Synthase Gene Improves Drought Tolerance in Ricehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15429Enhancing drought tolerance without grain yield penalty has been a challenge for plant breeders and crop improvement. A team of researchers from the International Center for Tropical Agriculture in Colombia, and various universities and research institutions in Japan evaluated the Arabidopsis thaliana galactinol synthase 2 gene (AtGolS2). The team ...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800ResearchImprovement of Salt Tolerance in Tobacco via Overexpression of TaFBA1 Gene from Wheathttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15430The F-box protein is a major subunit of the Skp1-Cullin-F-box (SCF) complex. The team of Zhongxian Zhao from Shandong Agricultural University had previously isolated an F-box gene from wheat, TaFBA1. The team now aims to know if overexpression of TaFBA1 in tobacco plants can improve its salt stress tolerance.The transgenic tobacco plants overexpres...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800ResearchResearchers Show How Sugarcane Produces More Sucrosehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15439Genetically modified sugarcane that produces more sucrose has been developed by scientists from Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas in Brazil. To investigate how ethylene works in sugarcane, Camila Cunha and colleagues sprayed sugarcane plants with ethephon (growth regulator) or aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG), a ripening inhibit...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800ResearchResearchers Study Type III-A CRISPR-Cas System as DNA Targeting Moduleshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15440The CRISPR-Cas systems provide invader defense in a wide variety of prokaryotes, as well as technologies for gene editing applications. The Type III-A or Csm CRISPR-Cas system is one of the most widely distributed across prokaryotic phyla, and cleaves targeted DNA and RNA molecules.The team of H. Travis Ichikawa from the University of Georgia const...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesCell Penetrating Peptide-Mediated Delivery of CRISPR-Cas Systemhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15441CRISPR-Cas9 allows genome editing in a variety of species. However, many cell types and tissues are resistant to the delivery techniques of the CRISPR-Cas9 complex, limiting its use. The team of David S. Axford from the Kennesaw State University in Georgia introduced a cell-penetrating peptide (CPP) adaptor, TAT-CaM, which allows cytoplasmic delive...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesOxitec Develops GE Moths to Vegetable Pesthttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15437Cornell University and Oxitec company, the developer of genetically engineered mosquitoes designed to stop Zika and other diseases, are now set to test genetically engineer male diamondback moth. Similar with the GE mosquitoes developed by Oxitec, engineering of moths is focused on males to lessen the population of the pest. The GE moths have passe...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop BiotechTALEN-Mediated Knock-in Genome Editing in Silkwormhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15442Genome editing is a powerful tool for the analysis of targeted genes. Takuya Tsubota and colleagues from the National Agriculture and Food Research Organization in Japan previously found that a novel knock-in system, precise integration into target chromosome (PITCh), allows the integration of a donor vector with the hsp90 promoter and GFP into the...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop BiotechBiotech Crop Highlights in 2016http://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15417ISAAA released the Pocket K version of the report on the Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2016 (ISAAA Brief 52). The Pocket K titled Biotech Crop Highlights in 2016 summarizes the main topics of the report including the global area of biotech crops (1996-2016), biotech crops in industrial and developing countries, distribution of b...Wed, 17 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800Document Reminders