Crop Biotech Update weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800FAO Lists 20 Tools for Transforming Food and Agriculture to Achieve SDGs Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has released a set of 20 inter-connected actions designed to show the impact that sustainable agriculture can have on tackling the world's greatest challenges.Transforming food and agriculture to achieve the SDGs is a practical guide for countries on strengthening food security, gene...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800GlobalKenya Starts Planting Biotech Cotton Under National Performance Trials is one step away from commercializing Bt cotton following the commencement of National Performance Trials (NPTs) to identify suitable varieties for different agro-ecological zones. This comes after the National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) granted an Environmental Impact Assessment license to Kenya Agricultural Livestock and Fish...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800AfricaUSDA APHIS Seeks Comments to Deregulate GE Cotton United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has announced the preliminary determination of deregulation from Bayer CropScience LP for event GHB811, a cotton variety genetically engineered (GE) for resistance to HPPD-inhibitor herbicides (e.g., isoxaflutole) and the herbicide glyphosate. Ba...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800AmericasMarketing Experts Study Why Consumers Don't See the Benefits of GM Foods experts Sean Hingston and Theodore Noseworthy from York University answered why consumers don't appreciate the benefits of GM foods and suggested some marketing strategies for GM foods based on field studies. Their article is published in the Journal of Marketing. According to the authors, studies have shown that moral opposition towards ...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800AmericasSABC & ICRISAT Discuss PPP in Agricultural Research, Technology, and Innovation in India South Asia Biotechnology Centre (SABC) in New Delhi and the International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) in Hyderabad work together to engage key stakeholders in a series of activities that aim to achieve the Prime Ministers' clarion call of doubling farmers' income. Around 45 key stakeholders, including farmers, farmer...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800Asia and the PacificPlants Help Offspring by Passing on Seasonal Clues integrate seasonal signals such as temperature and day length and use the information to optimize the timing for key lifecycle stages. These transitions include flowering, seed dispersal, and seed dormancy -- a timely tactic used by "mother" plants to ensure seed germination happens in optimal conditions when seedling survival rate is high. ...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800EuropeSpeeding Up Photorespiration Boosts Crop Production by 47% new study led by scientists at the University of Essex reveals that increasing production of a common, naturally occurring protein in plant leaves could boost the yields of major food crops by almost 50 percent. In the study, the research team engineered a model crop to overexpress a native protein that is involved in the recycling process called...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800EuropeGenetically Engineered Rice Transports Micronutrients More Efficiently from ETH Zurich led by Navreet Bhullar from the Institute of Molecular Plant Biology have genetically modified (GM) one of the most commonly grown varieties of rice. The ETH researchers developed rice lines with iron increases equaling more than 90% of the recommended iron content and up to 170% of the recommended content for zinc in ri...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800EuropePvTRX1h Gene Involved in Regulation of Nodules in Common Bean legume-rhizobium symbiotic relationship has been widely studied and characterized. However, little information is known on the role of histone lysine methyltransferases in this interaction and in the formation of nodules in the common bean.A study by the team of Aarón Barraza from Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Po...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800ResearchTaPSTOL Controls Agronomically Important Traits in Wheat (P) is an essential macronutrient for plant growth, and is required in large quantities by elite varieties of crops to maintain yields. Understanding how plants can maintain their yield with lower P inputs is highly desirable. The team of Matthew J. Milner from The John Bingham Laboratory in the UK studied the wheat (Triticum aestivum) T...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800ResearchUse of Tomato Promoter Increases CRISPR-Cas9 Efficiency expression systems for multiple gRNAs have been developed in the CRISPR-Cas9 system to induce multiple-gene modifications in plants. The team of Ryosuke Hashimoto from Tokushima University in Japan evaluated the mutation efficiencies in the tomato genome using multiplex CRISPR-Cas9 vectors consisting of various Cas9 expression promoters wit...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesOsSLA4 Plays a Role in Chloroplast Development in Rice land plants, chloroplast transcripts undergo post-transcriptional modifications, including splicing, editing, trimming, before translation. This essential step is regulated by a set of nuclear-encoded proteins. Zhong-wei Wang from the China National Rice Research Institute characterized a rice (Oryza sativa) seedling-lethal albino mutant, sla4.T...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesCRISPR Confirms Candidate Gene for Flag Leaf Size in Rice size is a major determinant of plant architecture and yield potential in crops. However, the mechanisms regulating leaf size remain unknown. The team of Xinxin Tang from the National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement in China studied quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for flag leaf length and flag leaf width in rice. Fourteen QTLs for fla...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesResearchers Find Potential Fusarium Wilt Resistance Gene in Tomato reduced mycorrhizal colonization (rmc) tomato mutant is unable to form mycorrhiza and is more susceptible to Fusarium wilt. The rmc mutant has a chromosomal deletion affecting five genes, one of which is similar to CYCLOPS. Loss of this gene is the cause for non-mycorrhizality in rmc, but not the enhanced Fusarium wilt susceptibility.The team o...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800New Breeding TechnologiesKenyan Stakeholders Advocate Harnessing Innovations in Biotech to Curb Plastic Pollution are calling for use of biotechnology to curb the plastic pollution menace. The call was made during an Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa (OFAB) session held in Kenya as part of the celebrations to mark the World Environment Day on June 5, 2018, with the theme Beat Plastic Pollution. Dr. Romano Mwirichia, a Kenyan univers...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop BiotechAU Launches Report on Emerging Technologies Expected to Spur Africa Development African Union (AU) High Level Panel on Emerging Technologies (APET) on June 8, 2018 launched three reports on emerging technologies setting the pace for Africa to advance its socio-economic development agenda and position itself as a frontrunner in the 4th Industrial Revolution (4IR). The reports, launched at the Africa Innovation Summit held i...Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800Beyond Crop Biotech3rd World Biotechnology Congress 3rd World Biotechnology Congress When: December 3-4, 2018 Where: Sao Paulo, BrazilFor more details, visit the conference website....Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800AnnouncementsBt Eggplant Videos the Future release two videos on Bt brinjal success stories in Bangladesh. Watch the videos from the Feed the Future website....Wed, 13 Jun 2018 17:00:00 +0800Document Reminders