Arabidopsis' AtGOLS1 Gene Negatively Regulates Seed Germination

Seed germination begins the growth phases of plants and its rate is affected by plant hormones such as abscisic acid (ABA), gibberellin (GA) and brassinosteroids (BRs), as well as by environmental factors. The team of Ji-Hye Jang of Sookmyung Women's University in South Korea searched for additional reagents that may affect seed germination using the det2-1 and ga1-3 mutants, which showed reduced seed germination due to their defective BR- or GA- synthesis, respectively.

The team found that dithiothreitol (DTT) specifically enhanced seed germination of det2-1 mutant. The team then identified and focused on the Arabidopsis gene, AtGOLS1, as a differentially expressed gene between the mutants and those treated with DTT.

AtGOLS1 encodes a galactinol synthase, which is critical for the oligosaccharide synthesis during seed maturation. The expression of AtGOLS1 was found to decrease when conditions were favorable for seed germination. Furthermore, seed germination rate was faster in AtGOLS1-knockout mutants compared with wild type plants.

These results suggest that AtGOLS1 acts as a negative regulator in seed germination in Arabidopsis.

For more on this study, read the article in Plant Science.


This article is part of the Crop Biotech Update, a weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Aquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA)

Subscribe to Crop Biotech Update Newsletter
Crop Biotech Update Archive
Crop Biotech Update RSS
Biofuels Supplement RSS

Article Search: