Ethiopia Releases Wheat Varieties
The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) has set up a special rust-resistance nursery for East Africa. It will work closely with the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) to release varieties and accelerate seed multiplication of promising bread wheat lines. These lines would have combined resistance to the stem rust strain Ug99 and other major diseases, such as yellow rust and septoria.
EIAR and ICARDA identified three promising lines based on-farm verification trial performance across the country. These varieties include Flag 5 (PYN/BAU//MILAN), ETBW5483 (UTQE96 /3/PYN/BAU//Milan), and ETBW5496 (UTQE96/3/PYN/BAU//Milan). Flag 5 (released as ‘Galana') has a combined resistance to yellow rust, stem rust (Ug99), and septoria and gave a yield of 5.14 t/ha or about 21% more than the most popular standard variety (Kubsa).
ETBW5483 (released as ‘Shorima') and ETBW5496 (provisionally released) gave average yields of 5.41 t/ha and 5.44 t/ha. Both varieties have an average yield advantage of about 21% over the standard check and have a combined resistance to yellow rust, stem rust, and septoria.
Check out http://www.icarda.cgiar.org/News/Seed%20Info/SeedInfo_41/SeedInfo_41-En.pdf for the ICARDA media release.
This article is part of the Crop Biotech Update, a weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Aquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA)