New Genome of Chinese Soybean Now Available

Chinese scientists have released a new high-quality soybean genome for a Chinese soybean "Zhonghuang 13". This genome, together with a subsequently established comprehensive gene co-expression network, facilitates important agronomic genes mining and provides valuable information for future soybean elite cultivar improvement.

The current soybean reference genome sequenced from Williams 82 is a cultivar domesticated in America. As Asia is one of the largest soybean planting and consuming regions, its soybean production is essential for global food security, and a new high-quality soybean genome from Asian soybean accessions is necessary.

The researchers identified a large number of genetic variations between this genome with a commonly used soybean reference genome, including 1,404 translocations, 161 inversions, 1,233 translocation and inversions, 505,506 indels (1-99 bp), and 17,409 accession specific insertions (>=100 bp). A total of 36,429 transposable elements and 52,051 protein coding genes were annotated in the new genome.

For more details, read the research news at the Chinese Academy of Sciences website.


 

This article is part of the Crop Biotech Update, a weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Aquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA)

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