CRISPR-Cas9 and -Cpf1-mediated Editing of the Stomatal Development Gene in Rice
The introduction and use of systems biology approaches have identified several genes involved in the early development of a plant. With this knowledge, a suitable tool is required for the functional validation of candidate genes. The development of the CRISPR-Cas9/Cpf1 system has provided a powerful tool for creating loss of function mutants for studying genes of interest.
Researchers from International Rice Research Institute in the Philippines, in cooperation with scientists from University of Sheffield in UK, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the USA and the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico Cuernavaca in Mexico used both CRISPR-Cas9 and CRISPR-Cpf1 technology to knock out an early developmental gene OsEPFL9 (Epidermal Patterning Factor like-9), the rice ortholog of a positive regulator of stomatal development in Arabidopsis.
The mutants generated showed genome edits that were carried forward into the T2 generation and homozygous mutants were obtained. The homozygous mutant plants showed more than an 800% reduction in stomatal density on the abaxial leaf surface of the mutant rice plants. The analysis also showed no significant off-target effects.
The team also used the CRISPR-LbCpf1 (Lachnospiracae bacterium Cpf1) to target the same OsEPFL9 gene and found that Cpf1 is also capable of genome editing and edits get transmitted through generations with similar phenotypic changes seen with CRISPR-Cas9.
This study shows the effectiveness of CRISPR-Cas9 and Cpf1 in precisely targeting genomic locations and developing homozygous heritable gene edits. This system will be vital in gene function studies.
For more on this study, read the article in Plant Cell Reports.
This article is part of the Crop Biotech Update, a weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Aquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA)