CropBiotech Update weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 26 Nov 2014 17:00:00 +0800Spanish Researchers Boost Energy Crop yields with Sewage Sludge from the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM) and the Universidad Miguel Hernández (UMH) in Spain have found a way to increase biomass production by using sewage sludge as fertilizers. The use of sewage sludge on energy crops could be an opportunity to release residues since these are not intended for the food industry.UPM and UMH co...Wed, 26 Nov 2014 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentISU Develops Bio-Adhesives from Glycerin at Iowa State University are working to produce commercial bioplastic adhesives from glycerin,a by-product of biofuels production. This would be a cheaper, more environment-friendly alternative to adhesives on the market."We're turning waste into a co-product stream," said David Grewell, a professor of agricultural and biosystems engine...Wed, 26 Nov 2014 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentIsolation and Characterization of Circadian Clock Genes in Pongamia (Millettia pinnata) legume Pongamia (Millettia pinnata) has shown potential as an oil source for biofuel production. Its production will depend on flowering and seed development. The circadian clock pathway, a part of the photoperiod pathway, is a known key regulator of flowering time. The team of Prem L. Bhalla from the University of Melbourne in Australia, now a...Wed, 26 Nov 2014 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentMie University in Japan Converts Discarded Oranges into Biofuel at Mie University have developed a biofuel from unmarketable oranges and wastes of orange juice extraction. The scientists aim at using substandard oranges to produce biofuel that could power farmers' own vehicles. The team has been experimenting on the possible use of damaged and rotting oranges as well as orange waste.They mixed Clostr...Wed, 26 Nov 2014 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentAudi Launches Synthetic Fuels Pilot Plant car manufacturer Audi has been active in the development of CO2-neutral, synthetic fuels and their latest project is a pilot plant in Dresden that will produce diesel from water, CO2 and green electricity. Audi and its project partners Climeworks and Sunfire opened the plant last week. The Sunfire plant will only require carbon dioxide, wate...Wed, 26 Nov 2014 17:00:00 +0800Production and TradeProduction of Xylitol and Ethanol from Pretreated Corncob via Dual-phase Fermentation team from Tsinghua University in China, led by Ke-Ke Cheng and Jian-An Zhang, are attempting to combine xylitol fermentation, and ethanol production using only a single yeast strain.The team used a new integrated process of aerobic xylitol production and anaerobic ethanol fermentation using non-detoxified acid pretreated corncob by Candida tropic...Wed, 26 Nov 2014 17:00:00 +0800Production and TradeIndia to Resolve Alcohol Issue between Oil Companies and Liquor Industry India, the battle for alcohol between the liquor industry and oil companies is likely to end as the government plans to allow petrol blending with ethanol from non-edible plants. Currently, ethanol from sugarcane is sole source for blending, causing issues with alcohol and chemicals manufacturing.The oil ministry has now proposed to allow blendi...Wed, 26 Nov 2014 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsAzkoNobel Teams Up with Other Groups to Research Chemical Production from Sugar Beet together with several companies, local government and government agencies are now studying the possibility of producing chemicals from beet-derived sugar feedstock. Deloitte, one of the partners, is now doing a feasibility study to assess the viability of commercial production in Delfzijl, Netherlands.As part of ongoing efforts to replace...Wed, 26 Nov 2014 17:00:00 +0800News and Trends