CropBiotech Updatehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/A weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 24 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800Netherlands Scientists Develop Motorcycle Powered by Algae Oilhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15449A designer and a biofuels scientist from the Netherlands have collaborated to build a motorcycle powered by algae.Peter Mooij, a scientist from Delft University of Technology, has developed a method to grow algae in salt water for oil production. Mooij's friend, Ritsert Mans, then designed a motorcycle to be powered by the biofuel.The two friends r...Wed, 24 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentScientists Confer Cellulose-Degrading Ability to Yarrowia lipolytica for Consolidated Bioprocessinghttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15456The yeast Yarrowia lipolytica is not capable of growing on cellulose. The team of Zhong-peng Guo from Université de Toulouse in France identified and overexpressed two endogenous β-glucosidases in Y. lipolytica, enabling the yeast to use cello-oligosaccharides as a carbon source for growth.Initially, different essential enzyme components of a ...Wed, 24 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentArizone Permits Isobutanol for Use in On-Road Vehicleshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15461Gevo Inc. recently announced that a bill in Arizona that will let gas stations sell isobutanol-blended gasoline for vehicles, enabling fuels with renewable content for drivers.Bill HB 2368 permits isobutanol to be used as an oxygenate in gasoline for vehicles in Arizona and will take effect in August 2017. Isobutanol is an ideal renewable gasoline ...Wed, 24 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800Policy and RegulationJapanese Company Delves Deeper into Algae Jet Fuelhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15450The Japanese company Euglena is looking to commercialize microalgae jetfuel by 2020. The company is arranging equity tie ups with five companies in a bid to obtain the finances to accelerate their efforts.Euglena's biojet fuel facility is scheduled to come into operation in 2019, with plans to supply fuel for buses and planes in 2020. The company h...Wed, 24 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsDemonstration of Sewage Sludge to Fuel and Hydrogen Technology Commenceshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15458A new EU research project, called To-Syn-Fuel, aims to build up, operate and demonstrate the production of synthetic fuels and green hydrogen from waste biomass, including sewage sludge.The project is funded by Horizon 2020, the EU's new research and innovation program. This comes in the wake of the European Commission's proposed Renewable Energy D...Wed, 24 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsEvaluation of Biomass Quality of Bamboo in Different Growth Stageshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15462Bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) has become a feedstock of interest for future energy production due to its high productivity and short rotation time. The growth age of biomass is a vital factor affecting the efficiency of conversion and pretreatment for biofuel production. Seung Gon Wi from Chonnam National University in South Korea used a composi...Wed, 24 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800Energy Crops and Feedstocks for Biofuels ProductionLancaster University Develops Method to Easily Turn Spent Old Coffee Grounds into Biofuelshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15457Spent coffee grounds, which have a high calorific value, offer a good low-cost alternative feedstock. However, most used coffee grounds are currently just dumped. In 2014, more than 9 million tons of spent coffee grounds were discarded. Researchers at Lancaster University found a way to significantly improve the efficiency of the process of using s...Wed, 24 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800Biofuels ProcessingSteam Explosion Pretreatment with 2-Naphthol for High Softwood Recalcitrancehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15459Steam explosion pretreatment is the most common pretreatment method in commercial biorefineries. However, it is not effective for the extremely high recalcitrance of softwood to chemical conversion. Recent studies, though, show that addition of a carbocation scavenger, like 2-naphthol, can enhance the enzymatic digestibility of softwood. ETH Zurich...Wed, 24 May 2017 17:00:00 +0800Biofuels Processing