CropBiotech Update weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 15 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Keene State Undergraduate Students Study Biodiesel Particulate Toxicity undergraduate research teams at Keene State College are studying the toxicity of biodiesel particulates from emissions and their impact on human health. "We examined whether or not the pollution created by biodiesel combustion resulted in higher exposure for workers than the pollution created by petroleum diesel. It was very much an exposure as...Wed, 15 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentA Mutant Caldicellulosiruptor bescii Unravels the Role of Pectin in Plant Biomass Recalcitrance are the most desired source of renewable energy and hydrocarbons because they fix CO2. Their structure, however, is a barrier to deconstruction, often referred to as recalcitrance. Members of the genus Caldicellulosiruptor are able to grow on unpretreated plant biomass and may provide an assay for plant deconstruction and biomass recalcitran...Wed, 15 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentResearchers Boost Yeast Tolerance to Ethanol at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research have identified a new way to boost ethanol tolerance in yeast by altering the composition of the medium in which they are grown. Their findings, which could have significant impact on industrial biofuel production, is published in the journal Sc...Wed, 15 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentA Look at the Efficiency of Laetisaria arvalis in Degrading Cellulose for Biofuel Production fungi are the most common natural sources of enzymes acting on lignocellulose. Hence, the team of Jean-Guy Berrin, from Biotechnologie des Champignons Filamenteux studied the extraordinary cellulose-deconstructing capability of the fungus Laetisaria arvalis.L. arvalis displayed its ability to grow on wheat straw as its sole carbon sourc...Wed, 15 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Production and TradeEthanol Project Planned in Slovak Republic and Beta Renewables announced they have signed an agreement with Energochemica SE for the construction of a second-generation ethanol plant and the annexed energy block for generation of power and steam.The plant will be built in Strazske, Slovak Republic and will deliver 55,000 metric tons per year of ethanol using non-food biomass as f...Wed, 15 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Production and TradeNew Zealand Aims to Venture into Forestry-based Biofuels study by the Primary Growth Partnership (PGP) programs revealed the potential of the biofuel industry in New Zealand in the long run.The Stump to Pump PGP program, led by Norske Skog Tasman and Z Energy, has finished its study on feasibility of biofuels business in New Zealand from Radiata Pine residues. "This program has provided a significant a...Wed, 15 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsNASA Study Reveal Biofuels Reduce GHG Emissions by 50% California, NASA researchers used DC-8 and other aircrafts to study the effects on emissions and contrail formation of burning alternative fuels in jet engines.This follow-up set of Alternative Fuel Effects on Contrails and Cruise Emissions flight tests, known as ACCESS II, repeated similar tests from 2013, while also adding a few new tests to g...Wed, 15 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsePURE calls for Policy Support of Biobased Economy a Policy Conference in Brussels, ePURE called for the introduction of a long-term policy framework to support Europe's growing network of biorefineries. This framework would include targets for EU transport to encourage the continued use of renewable ethanol as a fuel. The conference tackled the role of biorefineries in the development of a biob...Wed, 15 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800News and Trends