CropBiotech Updatehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/A weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 13 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800French Scientists Discover Enzyme that Uses Light to Produce Hydrocarbonshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15777Chlorella is a freshwater alga which are cultivated on an industrial scale and have potential for the production of biofuels. Researchers from various French research institutions, led by Damien Sorigue from the University of Aix-Marseille, have discovered an enzyme in Chlorella that allows it to convert fatty acids into hydrocarbons using light en...Wed, 13 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentResearchers Study How LPMOs Break Down Cellulosehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15778Lytic Polysaccharide Monooxygenases (LPMOs) are abundant in nature and are known to play roles in several processes besides biomass degradation. These enzymes have drastically improved our ability to convert cellulose into fermentable sugar, for the production of second generation biofuels and other biomass-derived products. However, it is still no...Wed, 13 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentScientists Find Genes for Xylose Consumption from Protists in Termite Hindguthttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15780The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is not capable of metabolizing xylose. In attempts to confer xylose utilization ability in S. cerevisiae, a number of xylose isomerase (XI) genes have been expressed in this yeast. While several of these genes were expressed in S. cerevisiae, the need still exists for a strain with improved xylose utilization abil...Wed, 13 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentBiodiesel Keeps Great Smoky Mountains National Park Cleanhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15779Biodiesel is helping improve the air quality in the US' Great Smoky Mountains National Park in Tennessee. This is part of their goal to reduce their environmental footprint.In 2016, the park used 43,085 gallons of biodiesel (B20), which resulted in a 15% reduction in carbon dioxide, a 12% reduction in carbon monoxide, a 20% reduction in both hydroc...Wed, 13 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsUK to Turn to Biofuel-Powered Aircraft to Cut Carbon Emissionshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15781Passenger planes in the UK could soon be powered by biofuels made from waste under a scheme to cut emissions, UK's Department for Transport (DfT) announced. The DfT have announced this as a step towards its intention to cut carbon emissions. The DfT also said that the new fuels were "chemically very similar to conventional fuels" and could be used ...Wed, 13 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsMethanol Production from Methane Using Gold-Palladium Colloids as Catalystshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15772Liquid methanol is believed to have considerable potential as an alternative fuel, and is used as a feedstock to produce other chemicals. However, methane is converted to methanol by the production of synthesis gas at high temperatures and pressures, a process which is both expensive and energy intensive.A team led by Graham J. Hutchings of the Car...Wed, 13 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800Biofuels ProcessingTokyo Researchers Design Ruthenium-Based Catalysthttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15773Researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology have developed a new catalyst to improve the synthesis of primary amines. The newly developed catalyst could also impact the development of biofuels and bio-oils.Primary amines are compounds used in the preparation of a wide range of dyes, detergents, and medicines. Many attempts have been made to improv...Wed, 13 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800Biofuels ProcessingUniversity of Delaware Develops One-Step Process for Extracting Sugarshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15774A University of Delaware research team has invented a more efficient process for extracting sugars from organic waste from forests and farms. This biorenewable feedstock could serve as a cheaper, sustainable substitute for the petroleum used in manufacturing consumer goods.Industry currently separates sugars from lignin via a two-step process. They...Wed, 13 Sep 2017 17:00:00 +0800Biofuels Processing