CropBiotech Updatehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/A weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 15 Mar 2017 17:00:00 +0800Brazilian Study Claims Second-Generation Biofuels are More Cost-Effective than First-Generation Biofuelshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15265A new study from the Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory that ethanol produced using waste biomass, such as dead or dying trees, is more cost-effective and could have higher benefits in the long term than conventional ethanol production.First generation ethanol is produced using food crops such as sugarcane and corn. Meanwhile, s...Wed, 15 Mar 2017 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentUniversity of Cambridge Researchers Use Solar Power to Produce Hydrogen from Biomasshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15268A team of researchers at the University of Cambridge has developed a method of using solar power to generate a fuel that is both sustainable and relatively cheap to produce.Lignocellulose is the main component of plant biomass. It is made of strong, highly crystalline cellulose fibers, that are interwoven with lignin, and hemicellulose which act as...Wed, 15 Mar 2017 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentStalk Rot Diseases Affect Biofuel Traits of Sweet Sorghumhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15271Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) has potential as a source of biofuel feedstock for lignocellulosic-based bioethanol production. However, diseases, such as stalk rot, can be an important concern and the potential impacts of diseases on biofuel traits are currently unknown. Kansas State University researchers tested the effects of Fusarium stalk rot ...Wed, 15 Mar 2017 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentVietnam Revives Biofuel Plan for 2018http://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15262After failing to promote a locally-produced biofuel product in major cities, Vietnam has announced a national switch to biofuels.The trade ministry will make sure the 92-octane gasoline A92, currently the most popular grade in Vietnam, is phased out and replaced by the greener E5 by 2018. The ministry has also ordered top state-owned fuel companies...Wed, 15 Mar 2017 17:00:00 +0800Policy and RegulationUPM and CIMB Foundation Team-up to Buy Used Cooking Oil for Biodiesel Productionhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15252Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) and CIMB Foundation are collaborating to educate the public through a "BioDiesel From Used Cooking Oil" Program.The project aims to encourage the public to drop off their used cooking oil at collection centers in UPM where it will be processed into biodiesel. The used cooking oil should not have been used more than t...Wed, 15 Mar 2017 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsSouth Korean Government Invests in University's Poop-to-Currency Projecthttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15263The phrase "Ttong-bonwi-hwapae" literally translates into "poop standard currency." Now, the South Korean government is investing 10 billion won over the next five years to turn this human waste-to-currency idea into reality.A pilot project, headed by the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology last May at its Science Walden Pavilion est...Wed, 15 Mar 2017 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsBellona Studies the Use of Seaweed-based Biofuels in Aviationhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15251Bellona, a non-profit environmental organization from Norway, has recently released a report on using seaweed biofuels in aviation.Traditional crop-based biofuels are linked to several challenges such as food competition, water scarcity, biodiversity loss, social injustice, as well as land mismanagement and land use change. However, the use of thir...Wed, 15 Mar 2017 17:00:00 +0800Energy Crops and Feedstocks for Biofuels ProductionDanish Researchers Develop Mustard with Less Toxins for Oil Productionhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15270Danish researchers might have made what could be a major breakthrough in terms of finding a new source of vegetable oil for food as well as produce biofuel. By removing the toxins of the mustard plant, the researchers believe they have found a new alternate oil source.Mustard is far more robust than rapeseed as it can resist more types of pest and ...Wed, 15 Mar 2017 17:00:00 +0800Energy Crops and Feedstocks for Biofuels Production