CropBiotech Updatehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/A weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 16 Aug 2017 17:00:00 +0800MSU Discovers Choloroplasts' Role in Making Biofuelshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15692Michigan State University researchers are experimenting with harvesting seed oil to make biofuels that could power jets and cars. Researchers show that the chloroplast, where plant photosynthesis occurs, participates in providing seed oil precursors.Scientists have identified a new enzyme, PLIP1, or Plastid Lipade 1, that interacts with lipids insi...Wed, 16 Aug 2017 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentTranscription Factor Sx1R Regulates Xylanase Genes in Trichoderma reeseihttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15698Trichoderma reesei is widely used cellulase production. However, its xylanase activity must be improved to enhance its ability to degrade lignocellulose. While several transcription factors play important roles in this process, Rui Liu from the Chinese Academy of Science want to focus on specific xylanase transcription factors that would regulate x...Wed, 16 Aug 2017 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentSandia National Laboratories See Polluted Lake as Potential Algae Biofuel Sourcehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15693Scientists from the Sandia National Laboratories are studying if one of California's most polluted lakes can be turned into a source of algae biofuel. They are hoping that the Salton Sea Biomass Remediation (SABRE) project will help determine whether algae biofuels can help solve the US energy needs.Salton Sea in Southern California currently has e...Wed, 16 Aug 2017 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsINL Researchers Evaluate Alfalfa's Potential as Biofuelhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15697In 2006, Idaho was devastated by the pale cyst nematode, a rare potato pest. While the pest problem was solved, bromide, a component of a highly toxic pesticide sprayed on farmlands, remains on the soil and some of the crops grown in it, including alfalfa grown for cattle feed. The extent of contamination was not realized until pesticide treatments...Wed, 16 Aug 2017 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsResearchers Evaluate Ethanol Production from Mushroom Compost from Chaff of Millet and Sorghumhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15691In Uganda, the chaff left from threshed panicles of millet and sorghum is a low value, lignocellulose-rich agricultural by-product. Currently, it is used as a medium for growing edible Oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus). Peter Ryden of the Quadram Institute of Bioscience in the UK, assessed the potential of the residual post-harvest compost as ...Wed, 16 Aug 2017 17:00:00 +0800Energy Crops and Feedstocks for Biofuels ProductionEthanol Production from Orchard Wastehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15699California-based biorefining company Aemetis has started producing bioethanol from orchard waste. The company announced this after successfully completing the construction of an integrated demonstration unit. The company said it produced the material from technologies from itself, LanzaTech and InEnTec.The demo plant, located at InEnTec's Technolog...Wed, 16 Aug 2017 17:00:00 +0800Energy Crops and Feedstocks for Biofuels ProductionStanford Develops Copper Catalyst that Produces Ethanol from Carbon Dioxidehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15695Stanford University scientists have recently discovered a new, more sustainable way to make ethanol without using crops. Their new technology consists of three basic components: water, carbon dioxide, and electricity delivered through a copper catalyst.Principal investigator Thomas Jaramillo, an associate professor from Stanford and at the SLAC Nat...Wed, 16 Aug 2017 17:00:00 +0800Biofuels ProcessingORNL Develops Acid Catalysts from Waste-Tire Carbonhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=15696Oak Ridge National Laboratory, together with Wake Forest University and Georgia Institute of Technology, has developed a method to use carbon derived from waste tires to convert used cooking oil into usable biofuels.Using a novel, reusable carbon material derived from old rubber tires, the research team developed a simple method to convert used coo...Wed, 16 Aug 2017 17:00:00 +0800Biofuels Processing