CropBiotech Updatehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/A weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 24 Aug 2016 17:00:00 +0800Washington University Scientists Engineer E. coli for Enhanced Production of Branched-Chain Fatty Acidshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=14696Branched-chain fatty acids (BCFAs) are key precursors of branched-chain fuels, which are superior to straight chain fuels. BCFA production in Gram-negative bacterial hosts is challenging since it competes directly with an efficient straight-chain fatty acid (SCFA) pathway.The team of Gayle J. Bentley from Washington University recently identified a...Wed, 24 Aug 2016 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentScientists Isolate Bacterium Capable of Degrading Lignocellulosic Biomass without Pretreatmenthttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=14698Compared with the enzyme systems of fungi, bacteria have evolved distinct systems to degrade lignocellulose. However, bacterial saccharification approaches are not efficient enough without help from β-glucosidases. Hence, to enhance the feasibility of using lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel production, it will be important to develop a novel...Wed, 24 Aug 2016 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentResearchers Identify Mutations in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Genes that Conferred Acetic Acid Tolerancehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=14700Acetic acid, released during hydrolysis of lignocellulosic feedstocks during bioethanol production, inhibits yeast growth and alcoholic fermentation. Yeast should therefore express a high and constitutive level of acetic acid tolerance. However, strategies for increasing acetic acid tolerance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, based on prolonged cultivat...Wed, 24 Aug 2016 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentRenewable Energy Research Center Opens at the Technical University of Denmarkhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=14699A new renewable energy research center, called VILLUM Center for the Science of Sustainable Fuels and Chemicals, has been inaugurated in Copenhagen, Denmark.The new centre, located at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU), will be headed by Professor Ib Chorkendorff who will bring together a team of researchers from distinguished universities, ...Wed, 24 Aug 2016 17:00:00 +0800Production and TradeSt1 Pushes for Bioethanol Plant in Norwayhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=14705A biofuels firm from Finland, St1, recently announced that its Norwegian subsidiary, Smart Fuel, will build a bioethanol plant at a former paper mill in Norway. The plant will use local forest industry residues as feedstock."This project marks a milestone towards delivering on our vision to be the leading seller and producer of CO2-aware energy in ...Wed, 24 Aug 2016 17:00:00 +0800Production and TradePraj Industries Initiates ‘Green Fund' to Ethanol productionhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=14690Praj Industries, an engineering company based in India, recently launched a 'Green Fund', focused on helping the company absorb projects on second-generation ethanol plants. This will help the Indian government achieve its target of having 10% ethanol in their fuel by 2022.With this move, Praj will be the first technology provider to offer 'biomass...Wed, 24 Aug 2016 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsWaste-to-Energy Research Facility to be Opened in Singaporehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=14707Singapore's National Environment Agency (NEA) has formed a partnership with the Nanyang Technological University (NTU Singapore) to develop a $30 million waste-to-energy research facility. The collaboration agreement was signed by Ronnie Tay, CEO of NEA, and Professor Ng Wun Jern, executive director of NTU's Nanyang Environment and Water Research I...Wed, 24 Aug 2016 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsEthanol Production via Fungal Consolidated Bioprocessinghttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=14701Production of biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass has a number of associated difficulties. A pretreatment step is usually required to enhance saccharification yield. Researchers have been investigating biological alternatives such as the consolidated bioprocessing (CBP), which converts lignocellulose into the desired products in one step.Universi...Wed, 24 Aug 2016 17:00:00 +0800Biofuels Processing