CropBiotech Updatehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/A weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 29 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Transgenic Jatropha curcas Boasts Geminivirus Resistancehttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12833Jatropha curcas is a promising feedstock for biodiesel production. However, it is susceptible to the geminivirus Indian cassava mosaic virus (ICMV) which severely limits productivity. Hence, the development of virus-resistant J. curcas is crucial. A team led by Nam-Hai Chua, from Rockefeller University, generated transgenic J. curcas plants that ex...Wed, 29 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentBacillus subtilis HB1310 from Thin-Shelled Walnut and its Use for Lipid Productionhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12835Biodiesel processing from microbial lipids using cheap plant feedstock has gained attention. Endophytic bacteria from oleaginous plants are possibly capable of accumulating lipids. However, few studies have been reported of endophytic bacteria isolation and their lipid production using plant extracts.Liming Xia from Zhejiang University, and a team ...Wed, 29 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentGenetic Modification of Yarrowia lipolytica for Consolidated Bioprocessing of Biofuelshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12837Yarrowia lipolytica, a species of yeast, is capable of converting glucose into lipids. However, it lacks the enzymes to break down cellulose and cannot utilize biomass directly. The potential of Y. lipolytica as a bioprocessing strain was investigated by the team of Hui Wei, Wei Wang and Min Zhang from National Renewable Energy Laboratory in the Un...Wed, 29 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentEnerkem Signs Deal to Build Waste-to-Biofuels Facility in Chinahttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12843Enerkem Inc. recently announced its agreement with Shanghai Marine Diesel Engine Research Institute (SMDERI) to develop a project and jointly build a waste-to-biofuels facility in China.The agreement was signed by Dr. Donghan Jin, President of Shanghai Marine Diesel Engine Research Institute, and Mr. Vincent Chornet, President and CEO of Enerkem. T...Wed, 29 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsUSDA ARS Researchers Focus on Boosting Cellulosic Biofuel Yieldshttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12845The Agricultural Research Service's Bioenergy Research Unit in Peoria has been focused on studies involving the feedstock switchgrass.Chemical engineer Bruce Dien evaluated two different switchgrass varieties harvested at three different points in plant development and then pretreated with diluted ammonia. Chemist Michael Bowman led a separate stud...Wed, 29 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsU.S. Voters Say 'Yes' to Biodiesel Policyhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12849Policies supporting biodiesel production would win if they were on the ballot in next week's elections, according to a U.S. nationwide survey.Three out of four voters support a tax incentive for biodiesel while seventy-six percent said they support a national renewable fuel standard (RFS). The survey, conducted by Moore Information Opinion Research...Wed, 29 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsEfficient Lipid Production by Cryptococcus curvatus through SSELP Processhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12832Microbial lipids from plant biomass are promising for the biodiesel industry. These lipids are made through three steps: pretreatment, saccharification, and lipid production. However, use of biomass extracts as feedstock produces low yields at a high cost. A cost-effective and integrated process is required to advance plant biomass-based microbial ...Wed, 29 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Biofuels ProcessingFast Hydrothermal Liquefaction Turns Kelp into Bio-Oilhttp://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=12844Khanh-Quang Tran from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) has found a way to produce "biocrude" from common kelp (Laminaria saccharina). His results have been published in the journal Algal Research."What we are trying to do is to mimic natural processes to produce oil," said Tran, an associate professor in NTNU's Department o...Wed, 29 Oct 2014 17:00:00 +0800Biofuels Processing