CropBiotech Update weekly summary of world developments in agri-biotech for developing countries, produced by the Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications SEAsiaCenter (ISAAA).en-usWed, 8 Nov 2017 17:00:00 +0800Penn State Researchers Study Giant Clam to Enhance Algal Biofuel Production clams are mollusks that can grow up to three-feet long and weigh hundreds of pounds. The surfaces of giant clams are iridescent, appearing to sparkle before the naked eye due to the lustrous cells on the surface of the clam that scatter bright sunlight among the thick layer of algae living inside the clam which then efficiently converts sunli...Wed, 8 Nov 2017 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentUniversities Develop Models to Determine Suitable Sites for Biorefineries from Washington State University, Oregon State University, and the University of Montana, have devised new methods to estimate the amount of forest residue that would be available for wood-based biorefineries to use. The resulting model could help determine sites for future biorefineries by providing a better understanding of the availa...Wed, 8 Nov 2017 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentScientist Improve Biohydrogen Production in Enterobacter aerogenes aerogenes is an anaerobe and is a widely studied strain due to its ability to use a variety of substrates, to produce hydrogen. However, the rate of hydrogen production has not been optimized. Zhejiang Sci-Tech University researcher Yan Wu evaluated strategies to improve hydrogen production in E. aerogenes, such as disruption of nuoCDE...Wed, 8 Nov 2017 17:00:00 +0800Research and DevelopmentIndia Approves Ethanol Price Increase's cabinet has recently approved a 5% increase in the price of ethanol to ease pressure on suppliers of the fuel and cut crude imports. The price of ethanol was fixed at 40.85 rupees, or $0.6327 per liter, and would be in effect for a year starting on December 1, 2017.India has been aiming to boost the use of ethanol as a cleaner fuel option i...Wed, 8 Nov 2017 17:00:00 +0800Policy and RegulationWaste-to-Ethanol Plant to be Built in Romania has announced its plan to invest in a new full-scale cellulosic ethanol plant in Romania. When complete, the new facility will produce ethanol from agricultural residues using sunliquid technology. The facility will be a flagship site to demonstrate the competitiveness and sustainability of the sunliquid technology at commercial scale. Ear...Wed, 8 Nov 2017 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsCassava -Based Ethanol Plant to be Built in Nigeria Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) has announced that it will build a new biofuel plant capable of producing 65 million liters of biofuel per year. The corporation decided on the biofuel plant as part of its commitment to ensure supply of petroleum products in Nigeria, as well as reduce its carbon emission and footprint.NNPC would n...Wed, 8 Nov 2017 17:00:00 +0800News and TrendsResearchers Investigate the Use of Crude Glycerol for Production of Algal Biofuel from the Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee have developed a new, low-cost method for production of biofuels. The team led by Dr. Richa Katiyar investigated the use of crude glycerol, for cultivation of microalgae.Microalgae are considered as a superior resource for production of biodiesel due to its ability to produce higher biomas...Wed, 8 Nov 2017 17:00:00 +0800Energy Crops and Feedstocks for Biofuels ProductionEffects of Beneficial Microbes and Seaweed Extract on the Productivity of Poplar and Switchgrass Fei, together with a team of researchers from Saint Mary's University in Canada, investigated the use of Azospirillum brasilense N8, Penicillium bilaii, Variovorax paradoxus JM63, and a seaweed extract from Ascophyllum nodosum (ANE) on the growth and nutrient content of three clones of hybrid poplars, Populus x cv. ‘Hill', ‘Okanese' and ‘Wal...Wed, 8 Nov 2017 17:00:00 +0800Energy Crops and Feedstocks for Biofuels Production