Crop Biotech Update

Water Buffalo Genome Sequenced

November 2, 2017

An international research team led by the University of Adelaide has published the full genome of the water buffalo. The consortium of partners in Australia, Italy, China, Brazil, and the USA, with additional contributors from other countries, say they have now created the tools needed to apply modern molecular breeding systems to water buffalo.

The researchers sequenced the genome of the River buffalo, one of two subspecies of water buffalo. The River buffalo has been selected for milk production through organized breeding programs in Italy, India, the Philippines and Brazil.

Consortium leader Professor John Williams, Director of the University of Adelaide's Davies Research Centre said, "Water buffaloes were domesticated about 5000 years ago, and since then have been of economic importance for milk, meat and as a work animal around the world." He added that the water buffalo is a key agricultural animal because it is able to adapt to diverse environments, and is particularly tolerant of disease.

For more details, read The University of Adelaide News & Events.